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Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, ISSN: 2457-1024; 2231-0843 (old),Vol.: 25, Issue.: 5

Original-research-article

Impacts of Climate Variability on Malaria Incidence in the Buea Municipality of Cameroon; Implications for Malaria Control and Prevention

 

Lawrence Fombe1* and Amenchwi G. Amahnui2

1Department of Geography and Planning, University of Bamenda, Cameroon.

2Department of Environmental Science, University of Buea, Cameroon.

Article Information
Editor(s):
(1) Lesley Diack, Professor, School of Pharmacy and Life Sciences, Robert Gordon University, UK.
Reviewers:
(1) Leonardo Basco, Aix Marseille Université, France.
(2) Joaquin Cervantes, Mexico.
(3) Avinash Borkar, Pt. Deendayal Upadhyay Memorial Health Sciences and Ayush University of Chhattisgarh, India.
Complete Peer review History: http://www.sciencedomain.org/review-history/22868

Abstracts

Changes in global climatic conditions have had profound effects on the environment and human health as epitomized by the changing disease patterns. The case of malaria in the Buea sub-division of the Southwest Region of Cameroon is of profound interest. Fundamental changes in rainfall and temperature conditions have far-reaching implications on malaria incidence as revealed by field data collected from the Regional delegation of public health in the Region which was corroborated with climatic data for a period of 5 years (2010-2014) obtained from the meteorological station of the Cameroon Development Corporation in Tiko. By use of descriptive statistical techniques and the coefficient of variation, results indicate both positive and negative effects of climate variability on malaria incidence in the study area. Based on this, it is incumbent on the government to integrate climate variability in health policy and ensure that all health programs take climate variability concerns in their plans and operations.

Keywords :

Malaria incidence; malaria prevalence; climate variability; Buea; climate change.

Full Article - PDF    Page 1-6

DOI : 10.9734/CJAST/2017/38274

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