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Journal of Advances in Medicine and Medical Research, ISSN: 2456-8899, ISSN: 2231-0614 (Past),Vol.: 25, Issue.: 2

Review Article

Radiotherapy Techniques for Pituitary Gland Adenomas: A Practical View for Clinicians


C. Flores-Balcázar1*, D. Cuevas-Ramos2, F. Flores-Vázquez3, S. Rosales-Pérez4 and A. Félix-Leyva4

1Department of Radiation Oncology, Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán, México City, Mexico.

2Division of Neuroendocrinology, Department of Endocrinology and Diabetes, Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán, México City, Mexico.

3Department of Radiotherapy, The American British Cowdray Medical Center, México City, Mexico.

4Division of Radiosurgery, Department of Radiotherapy, Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, México City, Mexico.

Article Information


(1) Fatima Mubarak, Department of Radiology, Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan.


(1) Wenyin Shi, Thomas Jefferson University, USA.

(2) Kwasi Agyen-Mensah, University of Cape Coast, Ghana.

(3) Masaharu Hata, Yokohama City University, Japan.

Complete Peer review History:


Aim: To give physicians in the field of Endocrinology and Internal Medicine a glance about the current treatment of secretory (SPA) and nonfunctioning pituitary adenomas (NFA) focusing on the role of radiotherapy (RT), its principles and indications, and the perspectives of novel irradiation techniques.

Background: Pituitary gland adenomas are the most common intracranial tumors. Due to the variety of clinical sequelae they produce, treatment options range from observation, medical therapy or surgical resection depending on the biochemical profile and clinical status of the patient. In case of incomplete surgical resection, tumor recurrence or unresponsiveness to medical treatment, radiotherapy and radiosurgery are commonly offered as adjuvant therapies.

Materials  and  Methods:  The  latest  systematic  reviews,  primary  studies  and  new diagnostic and treatment guidelines on  pituitary  gland  adenomas  were  analyzed. Clinical outcomes together with the technical aspects and the role of RT were also evaluated.

Results: New data are available about local therapies with radiotherapy. Radiosurgery and fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy play an important role in the management of patients with pituitary adenomas.

Conclusions: This article provides an exhaustive review of the current literature about treatment with different radiotherapy techniques.

Keywords :

Pituitary gland; adenoma; radiotherapy; radiosurgery.

Full Article - PDF    Page 1-10

DOI : 10.9734/JAMMR/2018/35443

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