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International Journal of Plant & Soil Science, ISSN: 2320-7035,Vol.: 21, Issue.: 1

Original-research-article

Cost-effectiveness and Water Use Efficiency of Groundnut and Wheat under SAT Region of Central India

 

Reena Kumari1,2, Pratibha Kumari3, Babloo Sharma4*, Ramesh Singh5 and R. M. Singh2

1Department of Agricultural Engineering, N. M. College of Agriculture, Navsari Agricultural University, Navsari-396450, India.

2Department of Farm Engineering, Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi-221005, Uttar Pradesh, India.

3International Rice Research Institute, Philippines-Cereal Systems Initiative for South Asia (CSISA), India office, Patna, Bihar, India.

4Department of Soil and Water Conservation, Faculty of Agriculture, Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya, Mohanpur, Nadia-741252, West Bengal, India.

5Central Agroforestry Research Institute, Jhansi-284003, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Article Information

Editor(s):

(1) Lakesh K. Sharma, Extension and Sustainable Agriculture, University of Maine, Cooperative Extension, Maine, USA.

(2) Adamczyk Bartosz, Department of Food and Environmental Sciences, University of Helsinki, Finland.

(3) Muhammad Shehzad, Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, The University of Poonch Rawalakot, Pakistan.

(4) Abhishek Naik, Technology Development Department - Vegetable Crops, United Phosphorus Limited -Advanta, Kolkata, India.

Reviewers:

(1) Yong Chen, Texas A&M University, USA.

(2) Raúl Leonel Grijalva Contreras, Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Forestales Agrícolas y Pecuarias, México.

(3) Miguel Aguilar Cortes, Universidad Autonoma del Estado de Morelos, Mexico.

Complete Peer review History: http://www.sciencedomain.org/review-history/22662

Abstracts

The field experiment was conducted in Parasai–Sindh watershed to evaluate the groundnut yield (rainy season crop), water use efficiency (WUE) and economic value under different topographic condition of watershed, to improve the yield of the wheat crop (winter season), irrigation scheduling of improved irrigation method was compared with the traditional irrigation method. This Experiment was conducted from rainy season 2012 to winter season 2013.

The study was designed to determine the WUE, gross and net return under water scarcity area. The average yield (1205.33 kg ha-1); WUE [1.46 and 3.34 kg ha-1 mm-1 rainwater use efficiency (WUER) and effective rainwater use efficiency (WUEER), respectively] and benefit: cost (B:C) ratio (2.12) of groundnut were higher in upland as compared with lowland of watershed. Under sprinkler irrigation the yield and B:C ratio of wheat were improved 21.37 and 43.86% respectively as compared with conventional system (surface irrigation).  Sprinkler system of irrigation resulted in 32.21% less water used and 126.45% more economic water productivity (WPE) over conventional irrigation method in wheat.

Keywords :

Cost-effectiveness; irrigation scheduling; productivity; water use efficiency; economic water productivity.

Full Article - PDF    Page 1-9 Article Metrics

DOI : 10.9734/IJPSS/2018/35524

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