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Annual Research & Review in Biology, ISSN: 2347-565X,Vol.: 22, Issue.: 2

Review Article

Metagenomic Approach towards Bioprospection of Novel Biomolecule(s) and Environmental Bioremediation

 

Manikant Tripathi, Durgesh Narain Singh, Surendra Vikram3, Vijay Shankar Singh2 and Shailendra Kumar1*

1Department of Microbiology, Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia Avadh University, Faizabad, (U.P.), Pin: 224001, India.

2Laboratory of Synthetic Biology, CSIR-Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, Lucknow, (U.P.), Pin: 226015, India.

3Centre for Microbial Ecology and Genomics, Department of Genetics, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, Pin: 0028, South Africa.

Article Information

Editor(s):

(1) George Perry, Dean and Professor of Biology, University of Texas at San Antonio, USA.

Reviewers:

(1) Hanan E.-S. Ali, Egyptian Petroleum Research Institute, Egypt.

(2) Oscar M. Mosquera, Universidad Tecnologica de Pereira, Colombia.

(3) Osazuwa Omoregbee, University of Benin, Nigeria.

Complete Peer review History: http://www.sciencedomain.org/review-history/22652

Abstracts

Microorganisms have developed several physiological adaptations to survive within extreme ecological niches including environments contaminated with heavy metals, pesticides, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, and nuclear wastes. Microorganisms in extreme habitat are potential source of “novel biomolecule(s)” such as whole microbial cells, extremozymes and extremolytes, significantly required for environmental, industrial, and red medical/pharmaceutical biotechnology. These novel biomolecule(s) are valuable resources and may help improve economic development. The scanty information about the factors governing the microbial growth within stressed environments is the major constraint in the recovery of novel biomolecule(s) from extreme habitats. Understanding the structure, metabolic capabilities, microbial physiology, and factors governing the composition and role of indigenous microorganism is the key to success of any study. In recent past the problems associated with classical cultivation techniques have been resolved by an emerging approach referred to as “metagenomics”. Metagenomic studies give an insight into details of the structure, metabolic and physiological capabilities of indigenous microbial communities. High-throughput sequencing technologies in conjunction with metagenomics has aided in the identification and characterization of novel culturable and uncultured microorganisms with unique capabilities. Metagenomic studies have been used for isolation and characterization of novel biomolecule(s) relevant for white, grey, and red biotechnologies. The major objective of this review is to discuss the applications of metagenomic approach for bioprospection of novel biomolecule(s) and environmental bioremediation.

Keywords :

Environment; extremozymes; metagenomics; microorganism; novel biomolecule(s).

Full Article - PDF    Page 1-12 Article Metrics

DOI : 10.9734/ARRB/2018/38385

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