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Journal of Advances in Microbiology, 2456-7116,Vol.: 6, Issue.: 4


The Prevalence of Skin-tattooing and HIV among Students of Three Tertiary Institutions in Ondo State, Southwest, Nigeria


G. O. Daramola1*, A. O. Oluyege2, H. A. Edogun1, A. O. Ajayi3, C. O. Esan4, A. O. Ojerinde5, O. O. Ajala6, A. Agbaje6, O. Ogunfolakan7 and A. Egbebi7

1Department of Medical Microbiology and Parasitology, Ekiti State University Teaching Hospital, Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria.

2Department of Microbiology, Ekiti State University, Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria.

3Department of Microbiology, Federal University, Oye-Ekiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria.

4Ekiti State University, University Health Centre, Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria.

5Federal University, University Health Centre, Oye-Ekiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria.

6Department of Haematology and Blood Transfusion, Ekiti State University Teaching Hospital, Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria. 

7Department of Medical Laboratory Science, Afe Babalola University, Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria.

Article Information
(1) Ana Claudia Correia Coelho, Department of Veterinary Sciences, University of Trás-os-Montes and Alto Douro, Portugal.
(2) Clara Eleazar, Medical Microbiology, University of Nigeria, Nigeria.
(3) Arun Karnwal, Professor, Microbiology, School of Bioengineering & Biosciences, Lovely Professional University, India.
(1) Chandni Merchant, Willamette Valley medical center, USA.
(2) Oti Baba Victor, Nasarawa State University, Nigeria.
Complete Peer review History: http://www.sciencedomain.org/review-history/21896


With the huge potential health hazards and dangers associated with skin and sclera tattooing, there is hardly any responsible government anywhere that will not take interest in the rate and manner its populace in general and the youths in particular engage in the practice of skin tattooing and put some form of regulations in place. This study is aimed at determining the prevalence of skin tattooing among the undergraduates of three universities in Ondo State (Southwest, Nigeria) and also determine if any of those with tattoos had contacted any blood-borne diseases as a result of this. This is especially needful in a country like Nigeria that does not yet have any regulations in place as regards the practice of skin-tattooing. One hundred each, making a total of three hundred participants were enrolled in the study from the three universities. Five millilitre of blood from each subject was screened for the presence HIV antibodies (DETERMINE®) according to the manufacturer’s instructions. The subjects were also asked to complete a structured self-administered questionnaire. The result revealed a zero sero-prevalence of antibodies to HIV, but a skin tattooing prevalence of 20%, 9% and 0% among the undergraduates of Adekunle Ajasin University, Akungba-Akoko; Achiever’s University, Owo and Federal University of Technology, Akure, respectively. Thus representing an overall skin tattooing prevalence of 9.6%. The study also showed that 8.3% of the subjects had a history of blood transfusion, while 7.3% had a history of surgery. It was therefore concluded that skin tattooing was not a statistically significant major risk factor for HIV/AIDS among the undergraduates, though this does not in any way obliterate the potent potential risk for the transmission of HIV that is inherent in any practice like skin tattooing that pierces the human skin with sharp or pointed objects.

Keywords :

Skin tattooing; HIV; students; risk factors; Ondo State.

Full Article - PDF    Page 1-6

DOI : 10.9734/JAMB/2017/37366

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