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Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science, ISSN: 2456-981X, ISSN: 2278-0998 (Past),Vol.: 23, Issue.: 2

Original-research-article

Occupational Psychosocial Stress among Staff of the University of Health and Allied Sciences, Ho, Ghana

 

Dominic Dankwah Agyei1*, Sena Kpeglo2, James Kwaku Agyen3, Francis Wadga-Mieza Yankey4, James Osei-Yeboah5, Eric Agboli6, Felix Kwasi Nyande7, Abdul Sakibu Raji8, Edem Kojo Obum9, Delali Adonu10, Restlaw Owusu-Mensah11, Blessing Tay11 and Enos Azada12

1University Library, University of Health and Allied Sciences, Ho, Ghana.

2Registry, University of Health and Allied Sciences, Ho, Ghana.

3School of Basic and Biomedical Sciences, University of Health and Allied Sciences, Ho, Ghana.

4Student Affairs Directorate, University of Health and Allied Sciences, Ho, Ghana.

5School of Allied Health Sciences, University of Health and Allied Sciences, Ho, Ghana.

6School of Public Health, University of Health and Allied Sciences, Ho, Ghana.

7School of Nursing and Midwifery, University of Health and Allied Sciences, Ho, Ghana.

8School of Allied Health Sciences, University of Health and Allied Sciences, Ho, Ghana.

9School of Medicine, University of Health and Allied Sciences, Ho, Ghana.

10Human Resource Directorate, University of Health and Allied Sciences, Ho, Ghana.

11Works and Physical Development Directorate, University of Health and Allied Sciences, Ho, Ghana.

12Finance Directorate, School of Hygiene, Ho, Ghana.

Article Information
Editor(s):
(1) Najib Ahmad Marzuki, Professor, Professor of Psychology, School of Applied Psychology, Social Work and Policy, College of Arts and Sciences, Universiti Utara Malaysia, Malaysia.
(2) Alina Georgeta Mag, Professor, Department of Private Law and Educational Science, University of Sibiu, Romania.
Reviewers:
(1) Leehu Zysberg, Gordon College of Education, USA.
(2) Prashant Kumar, Savitribai Phule Pune University, India.
(3) José Carlos Souza, Mato Grosso do Sul State University, Brazil.
(4) Lee Bee Yoke, Tunku Abdul Rahman University College, Malaysia.
Complete Peer review History: http://www.sciencedomain.org/review-history/21880

Abstracts

Aim: This study was conducted among the staff of a new public university that provides health and related sciences education in Ghana. The aim of this research was to find information on the prevalence and patterns associated with occupational stress among the tutorial and administrative staff of the University of Health and Allied Sciences.

Methods: Using a descriptive survey, the study employed the Effort-Reward Imbalance scale to solicit information from both the tutorial and administrative staff of the university. Questionnaires were used to collect information from 59 respondents consisting of 45 males and 14 females.

Results: The study population presented a stress prevalence rate of 44.07% which was higher among the female respondents (64.29%). Staff with Diploma (50.00%) and First Degrees (50.00%) presented high levels of stress. Staff performing dual roles and those performing only administrative roles recorded high prevalence of 55.56% and 50.00% respectively. Regarding the component stressors, there was a high record of Effort-Promotion Imbalance (61.02%), Effort-Esteem Imbalance (50.00%) and Over Commitment-Promotion Imbalance (62.50%) predominantly among respondents who were less than 30 years old. In this study, high levels of occupational psychosocial stress exist, which is mainly influenced by gender, age, level of education and work roles.

Conclusion: The creation of an enabling working environment with clearly defined expectations and rewards will help university staff to appreciate whatever return they receive for their outputs.

Keywords :

Effort-Reward Imbalance scale; stress; component stressors; university staff; Ghana.

Full Article - PDF    Page 1-10 Article Metrics

DOI : 10.9734/JESBS/2017/37406

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