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Journal of Experimental Agriculture International

Journal of Experimental Agriculture International, ..,Vol.: 18, Issue.: 5

 

Original-research-article

 

Assessment of Androgenic Genotypes Obtained from Sweet Pepper Varieties (Capsicum annuum L.)

 

 

Fidanka Trajkova1* and Liljana Koleva Gudeva1

1Faculty of Agriculture, Goce Delcev University – Stip, Krste Misirkov 10-A, 2000 Stip, Republic of Macedonia.

 

Abstracts

 

The aim of this study was to assess important characteristics of five androgenic genotypes through important fruit and production traits compared to the mother genotypes, Kurtovska Kapia and Feherozon. The experiment was conducted in complete randomized design in four replicates during four years experiment under glasshouse conditions. The assessment of the fruits and production traits of androgenic genotypes was performed according to instructions given in Descriptor for Capsicum spp. by IPGRI, AVRDC and CATIE. The fruits of androgenic genotypes KK1 and KK2 were characterized as long and triangular, large-size medium-fleshy pepper fruit. KK1 is evaluated as medium-yielding, KK2 as low-yielding genotype. Fruits of both genotypes are suitable for fresh consumption and processing. The fruits of F5 and F7 were evaluated as bell-shaped, large-size peppers with very thin pericarp, while F6 as blocky-elongated, large-size fruit. All three androgenic genotypes are estimated as medium-yielding.

Androgenic genotypes KK1 and KK2 differ from the control variety for four fruit traits. Androgenic genotypes F5, F6 and F7 differ from the control variety for six fruit traits. There was no variability of the productivity (yield) traits between studied androgenic genotypes and their parental genotypes. From the assessment of androgenic genotypes as compared to the control genotypes, Kurtovska Kapia and Feherozon, all five androgenic genotypes are recommended for future varietal development of sweet pepper varieties.

 

Keywords :

Kurtovska Kapia; Feherozon; androgenesis; pepper; androgenic lines; fruit traits; production traits.

 

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