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International Journal of TROPICAL DISEASE & Health, ISSN: 2278-1005,Vol.: 26, Issue.: 4

Original-research-article

Educative Intervention in the Oral Hygiene of People with Down Syndrome: A Quasi-experimental Study

 

Maria Esther Patiño-López1, Georgina Olvera-Villanueva2 and Nicolas Padilla-Raygoza2*

1Division of Health Sciences and Engineering, University of Guanajuato, Campus Celaya-Salvatierra, Celaya, Mexico.

2Division of Health Sciences and Engineering, Department of Nursing and Obstetrics, University of Guanajuato, Campus Celaya-Salvatierra, Celaya, Mexico.

Article Information
Editor(s):
(1) Shankar Srinivasan, Department of Health Informatics, University of Medicine & Dentistry of New Jersey, USA.
Reviewers:
(1) B. C. Ephraim-Emmanuel, Bayelsa State College of Health Technology, Nigeria.
(2) Vinej Somaraj, Rajas Dental College & Hospital, India.
Complete Peer review History: http://www.sciencedomain.org/review-history/21368

Abstracts

Aims: To determine the effect of an educative intervention on the oral hygiene of people with Down Syndrome in two special education schools in Celaya, Gto.

Study Design: Quantitative, correlational, quasi-experimental study.

Place and Duration of Study: The experimental group of the school of Special Education Mariana and the control group of the Center of Attention Multiple Henri Wallon in Celaya, Gto, between May 2016 and April 2017.

Methodology: We included 30 students (14 men, 16 women; age range 6-21 years) with Down Syndrome. An instrument based on Orem's theory was used to evaluate self-care abilities in oral hygiene and a National Autonomous University of Mexico format of personal control of the dentobacterial plaque. The intervention "Oral hygiene in people with Down Syndrome" was implemented. All was analyzed with Student t for paired means and Student t for independent groups, and P-value.

Results: Self-care skills showed a significant change after the nursing intervention (P = .009), knowledge (P = .02) and skills (P = .003); which had no significant difference were motivations (P = .23) and the percentage of dentobacterial plaque (P = .40).

Conclusion: It is fundamental to apply a nursing intervention to improve the oral hygiene of people with Down Syndrome favoring their capacities for self-care and preventing oral pathologies. But nurses need more training in psychoeducation to improve motivation in people.

Keywords :

Down syndrome; oral hygiene; self-care; nursing intervention.

Full Article - PDF    Page 1-8

DOI : 10.9734/IJTDH/2017/36449

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