Journal of Advances in Medicine and Medical Research, ISSN: 2456-8899, ISSN: 2231-0614 (Past),Vol.: 24, Issue.: 1
Primary Lip Leishmaniasis-Report of 4 Cases from a Non-endemic Region of Kashmir Valley of North India and Review of Literature
Peerzada Sajad1*, Shagufta Rather1, Iffat Hassan1 and Waseem Qureshi2 1Department of Dermatology, STD and Leprosy, Government Medical College, Srinagar, India. 2Registrar Academics, Government Medical College, Srinagar, India.
Peerzada Sajad1*, Shagufta Rather1, Iffat Hassan1 and Waseem Qureshi2
1Department of Dermatology, STD and Leprosy, Government Medical College, Srinagar, India.
2Registrar Academics, Government Medical College, Srinagar, India.
(1) Olumayowa Abimbola Oninla, Department of Dermatology and Venereology, College of Health Sciences, Obafemi Awolowo University, Osun State, Njgeria.
(2) Chan-Min Liu, School of Life Science, Xuzhou Normal University, Xuzhou City, China.
(1) Pouran Famili, University of Pittsburgh, USA.
(2) Mehmet Yaltirik, Istanbul University, Turkey.
(3) Wat Zee Man, Pamela Youde Nethersole Eastern Hospital, Hong Kong.
Complete Peer review History: http://www.sciencedomain.org/review-history/21254
Leishmaniasis is a disease caused by an intracellular protozoan parasite of the genus Leishmania and transmitted by the bite of a female sandfly(phlebotomus). The clinical spectrum of leishmaniasis ranges from a self-resolving cutaneous ulcer to a mutilating mucocutaneous disease and even to a lethal systemic illness. Therapy has long been a challenge in the more severe forms of the disease, and it is made more difficult by the emergence of drug resistance.Cutaneous leishmaniasis is a common tropical dermatoses with diverse clinical presentations. At times, it may appear in an unusual shape or at an unusual site and thus cause a diagnostic challenge.
Primary lip mucosal leishmaniasis (ML) is now a common presentation from non- endemic areas, and is commonly being encountered in old world/non-endemic areas now. Lip leishmaniasis, as cutaneous type of leishmaniasis not as part of mucocutaneous type, has been infrequently mentioned in the medical literature [1,2].
A few cases of leishmaniasis of lip have been described in literature. The description of cases of leishmaniasis solely involving the lip from India is rare .
We hereby describe four cases of lip leishmaniasis from Kashmir, a non-endemic area for the disease who were successfully treated with sodium stibogluconate (SSG).
CL-Cutaneous leishmaniasis; lip leishmaniasis; ML-mucosal leishmaniasis; SSG-sodium stibogluconate; non-endemic area.
DOI : 10.9734/JAMMR/2017/36072Review History Comments