Quick Menu

Upcoming Journals

European Journal of Nutrition & Food Safety

European Journal of Nutrition & Food Safety, ISSN: 2347-5641,Vol.: 7, Issue.: 3 (July-September)


Effectiveness of UNICEF Multiple Micronutrient Powder on Child Stunting Rate and Influencing Factors in Kisangani


F. Lusamaki Mukunda1, E. Tebandite Kasai2, J. Alworonga Opara2, J. Posho Ikolonga3, S. Batina Agasa4, A. Kayisu Kalenga5 and J. Ntokamunda Kadima6*

1Department of Human Nutrition, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, University of Kisangani, DR Congo.

2Department of Pediatrics, University Hospital Centre, Kisangani, DR Congo.

3Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, University of Kisangani, DR Congo.

4Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, University of Kisangani, DR Congo.

5Department Chemistry and Food Industry, Institute of Agriculture Sciences, Yangambi, DR Congo.

6Department of Clinical Pharmacology, School of Medicine and Pharmacy, University of Rwanda, Rwanda.




Home fortification of foods with Multiple Micronutrient has been proposed to maintain normal growing and health of children living in chronic malnutrition conditions. In December 2014, the National Nutrition Programme, in partnership with UNICEF, introduced multiple micronutrient powder as food supplement for children aged 6 to 23 months in DR Congo to prevent negative impact of chronic malnutrition. This intervention was conducted in some municipalities in Kisangani city. The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential of that intervention to reduce at short term the rate of stunting and measure a possible impact of socio-demographic factors. This was a community based prospective cross-sectional survey conducted from April 14 to June 13, 2016. The prevalence of stunted children was compared among children aged 24-36 months in areas where the programme was administered and those living in areas where the intervention was not yet applied and between children treated and not treated in a same municipality. Two health zones, Mangobo representing areas where the intervention was conducted and Lubunga representing areas without intervention were selected. Three groups were constituted: (i) Mangobo-children who received the powder, (ii) Mangobo-children not given the powder and Lubunga- children not given the powder. The effectiveness indicator was the prevalence of stunted children in treated and untreated children. The stunting prevalence was 36.2% in group (i), 74.1% in group (ii), and 54.1% in group (iii). The global stunting rate was 49.5% for the entire population independently of the intervention. The difference was significant between untreated and treated children (p=0.001). Stunting was significantly higher among boys than girls and among children whose mothers were uneducated. The use of the multiple micronutrient powder showed some benefits in reducing stunting at short term. But to effectively solve the problem of chronic malnutrition, the strategies should address globally different causes including socio-economic assets of the family, food quality, maternal nutrition, sanitation and mothers’ education.


Keywords :

Chronic malnutrition; child stunting; height-for-age index; multiple micronutrient.


Full Article - PDF    Page 179-188    Article Metrics


DOI : 10.9734/EJNFS/2017/36276

Review History    Comments

Search this site

Advanced Search

Announcement & News

ISI Thomson Reuters selected British Journal of Pharmaceutical Research for Emerging Sources Citation Index

We are delighted to inform that ISI Thomson Reuters selected British Journal of Pharmaceutical Resea...

SCOPUS selected Annual Research & Review in Biology (ARRB)

We are delighted to inform that famous indexing organization SCOPUS (from Elsevier) selected  A...

Index Copernicus Evaluation Result Released

We are delighted to inform that Index Copernicus (a leading indexing organization from Pol...

Journal Repository (JR): Permanent Digital Archiving of SDI journals

SDI is happy to announce that all our journals are now permanently archived in Journal Repository (J...

SDI journal got 35th ranking in Publons

We are delighted to announce (as of 04/01/2016) that British Journal of Medicine and Medical Re...

Growth of SDI and world publication market

As of 2014, total 25,064 journals are competing in World market of journal publication. In 2011, tot...

Science (IF: 31) report confirmed the high standard of SDI journal

As per a recent report (Link) of Science journal (present Impact factor 31), one of our journal (Bri...

SDI introduced Post-publication peer review by its comment section

SDI journals encourage Post-publication peer review by its comment section   Policy details a...

SDI promotes transparent Advanced OPEN peer review

We have migrated to transparent and toughest ‘Advanced OPEN peer review’ system (...


  • No Awards listed.

Browser Compatibility : Mozila firefox, Google Crome and IE 7 & above. Creative Commons License Terms & Condition   |   Privacy Policy   |   Join Us   |   Help   |   Contact Us
© Copyright 2010-2018, SCIENCEDOMAIN international. All rights reserved.