Quick Menu

Upcoming Journals
  • No Upcoming Journals

Annual Research & Review in Biology

Annual Research & Review in Biology, ISSN: 2347-565X,Vol.: 16, Issue.: 6

 

Original-research-article

 

Employment Generation, Increasing Productivity and Improving Food Security through Farming Systems Technologies in the Monga Regions of Bangladesh

 

 

Mazharul Anwar1, Zannatul Ferdous1,2*, Md. Asaduzzaman Sarker3, Ahmed Khairul Hasan4, Md. Babul Akhter5, Md. Asad Uz Zaman6, Zahidul Haque7 and Hayat Ullah2

1On-Farm Research Division, Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute, Agricultural Research Station, Alamnagar, Rangpur, Bangladesh.

2Department of Food, Agriculture and Bioresources, School of Environment, Resources and Development, Asian Institute of Technology, Pathumthani 12120, Thailand.

3Department of Agricultural Extension and Education, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh, Bangladesh.

4Department of Agronomy, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh, Bangladesh.

5Crop Physiology Division, Bangladesh Institute of Nuclear Agriculture, Mymensingh, Bangladesh.

6Rice Farming Systems Division, Bangladesh Rice Research Institute, Gazipur, Bangladesh.

7IDSS Project, ACI Agribusiness, ACI Limited, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

 

Abstracts

 

Monga is seasonal food insecurity in ecologically vulnerable and economically weak parts of north-western Bangladesh, primarily caused by an employment and income deficit before Transplanted aman paddy (summer rice) harvest. It mainly affects those rural poor, who have an undiversified income that is directly or indirectly based on agriculture. Rangpur and Lalmonirhat districts under greater Rangpur region are severely affected by Monga. For increasing employment and food accessibility in these regions this study was undertaken. The farm accounting data for this empirical application have been collected from two districts (Rangpur and Lalmonirhat) of greater Rangpur through a farm management survey. A sample of 90 farms from each district has been surveyed taking 30 from marginal, 30 from small and 30 from medium farm groups using random sampling technique method. Farmers get lower return due to lack of crop diversification. Linear programming model used to produce optimum farm plans for marginal, small and medium farms (i) by reorganization of existing resources (ii) by combination of improved technologies with existing technologies. For increasing food accessibility and employment, optimum farm plans by reorganization of improved technology have been conducted among six farmers in the study villages at 2010-2011. By reorganization of existing cropping patterns (using Linear Programing Model) gross output (7% to 21%), gross margin (12% to 20%) and labour employment (6% to 20%) have been increased from plan1 (existing plan) to plan 2 (by reorganization of existing lands). The cause of increase gross output, gross margin and labour employment was some cultivated land from less efficient cropping patterns has been transferred to more efficient cropping patterns. Again, by reorganization of existing and improved cropping patterns, some lands of existing patterns have been shifted to improved cropping pattern. As a result, gross out (17% to 31%), gross margin (27% to 32%) and labour employment (13% to 26%) have been raised from plan1 to plan 3 (by combination of improved technologies with existing technologies). The result of on farm demonstration showed gross output, gross margin and labour employment have been increased 24% to 53%, 32% to 51% and 12% to 47% from plan1 to plan 3, respectively. So, this study suggest, optimum farm plan with the combination of existing and improved cropping pattern will increase farm output and generate additional employment.

 

Keywords :

Employment creation; sustainable food security; farming systems; Monga.

 

Full Article - PDF    Page 1-15    Article Metrics

 

DOI : 10.9734/ARRB/2017/35645

Review History    Comments

Search this site

Advanced Search

Announcement & News

ISI Thomson Reuters selected British Journal of Pharmaceutical Research for Emerging Sources Citation Index

We are delighted to inform that ISI Thomson Reuters selected British Journal of Pharmaceutical Resea...

SCOPUS selected Annual Research & Review in Biology (ARRB)

We are delighted to inform that famous indexing organization SCOPUS (from Elsevier) selected  A...

Index Copernicus Evaluation Result Released

We are delighted to inform that Index Copernicus (a leading indexing organization from Pol...

Journal Repository (JR): Permanent Digital Archiving of SDI journals

SDI is happy to announce that all our journals are now permanently archived in Journal Repository (J...

Index Copernicus Value of British Journal of Medicine and Medical Research

  We are delighted to inform that Index Copernicus (a leading indexing organization ...

SDI journal got 35th ranking in Publons

We are delighted to announce (as of 04/01/2016) that British Journal of Medicine and Medical Re...

Growth of SDI and world publication market

As of 2014, total 25,064 journals are competing in World market of journal publication. In 2011, tot...

Publication and site statistics (up to Sept, 2015)

  Number of submission: 22181 (Total up to Sept, 2015) Number of published paper: 10949&n...

Index Medicus selected 15 SDI journals

We are delighted to inform that Index Medicus (IMSEAR) has selected following 15 SDI journals for in...

SCIENCEDOMAIN international received 5844 submissions in 2013

SCIENCEDOMAIN international is pleased to announce that it has received 5844 submissions in 2013, ac...



SCIENCEDOMAIN Awards

  • No Awards listed.

Browser Compatibility : Mozila firefox, Google Crome and IE 7 & above. Creative Commons License Terms & Condition   |   Privacy Policy   |   Join Us   |   Help   |   Contact Us
© Copyright 2010-2017, SCIENCEDOMAIN international. All rights reserved.