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Journal of Advances in Medicine and Medical Research

Journal of Advances in Medicine and Medical Research, ISSN: 2456-8899, ISSN: 2231-0614 (Past),Vol.: 23, Issue.: 4

 

Original-research-article

 

Perception of Self-esteem and Body Image among Women with Breast Cancer of a University Hospital in Tunisia

 

 

Hela Ghali1*, Sirine Fendri2, Ines Ayedi3, Iheb Bougmiza4, Asma Ammar1, Imtinene Belaid5, Njah Mansour1 and Nabiha Bouafia1

1Department of Hospital Hygiene, University Hospital Farhat Hached, Sousse, Tunisia.

2Superior Institute of Nursing, Sousse, Tunisia.

3Department of Oncology, CHU Habib Bourguiba, Sfax, Tunisia.

4Department of Preventive and Community Medicine, University of Medecine of Sousse, Tunisia.

5Department of Oncology, University Hospital Farhat Hached, Sousse, Tunisia.

 

Abstracts

 

Background: Breast cancer is a major public health problem. It represents the first female cancer which creates physical, psychological and social disorders.

Objectives: This study aimed to describe the perception of the self-esteem and the body image of women reached by breast cancer in the hospital of Habib Bourguiba of Sfax – Tunisia during three months.

Methods: It is a cross-sectional observational study. Two measure scales of beforehand designed and validated were administered to 125 patients treated for breast cancer: a scale estimating the body image according to Hopwood and a scale estimating the self-esteem according to Rosenberg.

Results: 79% of the investigated women had weak self-esteem and 62% had a distress of the body image. Our study also showed that there is a statistically significant correlation between the perception of the body image and the self-esteem. The presence of history of psychiatric pathologies (P=0,007) and alopecia (p=0,006) are statistically correlated to a body image distress. Civil status (p=0,025) and alopecia (p=0,014) statistically impacted the perception of self-esteem.

Conclusion: In order to improve the quality of life of women with breast cancer, healthcare professionals should take into consideration the psychological effect of the consequences of this disease.

 

Keywords :

Breast cancer; self-esteem; body-image; women.

 

Full Article - PDF    Page 1-12    Article Metrics

 

DOI : 10.9734/JAMMR/2017/35567

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