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Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology

Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, ISSN: 2231-0843 (old),Vol.: 23, Issue.: 1

 

Original-research-article

 

Determination of Energy Content of the Municipal Solid Waste of Ado – Ekiti Metropolis, Southwest, Nigeria

 

 

O. L. Rominiyi1*, O. P. Fapetu2, J. O. Owolabi3 and B. A. Adaramola1

1Department of Mechanical and Mechatronics Engineering, Afe Babalola University, Ado-Ekiti (ABUAD), Ekiti State, Nigeria.

2Department of Mechanical Engineering, Federal University of Technology Akure, P.M.B. 703, Ondo State, Nigeria.

3Department of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering, Afe Babalola University, Ado-Ekiti (ABUAD), Ekiti State, Nigeria.

 

Abstracts

 

Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) is a: material discarded as worthless to the city and this has been a serious threat to the eco-system. This can be channeled into a very useful form to generate energy and thereby converting it to wealth. The waste samples were harvested, sorted, sundried, pulverized and sieved using a sieve size of 500 . The moisture content of the constituents of the waste sample was determined. The digital bomb calorimeter (Cal – 2k Eco Calorimeter) was used to test the calorific value of the prepared waste samples. The results indicated that the polythene products waste has the specific energy content of 35,959 kJ/kg while the bones component of the waste sample has 6,994.39 kJ/kg. The mean specific energy content is 17.57 MJ/kg. The total energy content of the MSW generated within the urban metropolis is 4,449,426.14 MJ/day. This implies that when used per day for steam production 51.5 MW of electricity could be generated in Ado-Ekiti.

 

Keywords :

Municipal solid waste (MSW); moisture content; digital bomb calorimeter; calorific value; generate energy.

 

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