Journal of Applied Life Sciences International, 2394-1103,Vol.: 12, Issue.: 4
Comparative Study on Antibacterial and Selected Antioxidant Activities of Different Eryngium foetidum Extracts
D. A. C. K. Dalukdeniya1 and R. M. U. S. K. Rathnayaka1* 1Department of Food Science and Technology, Faculty of Applied Sciences, Sabaragamuwa University of Sri Lanka, P.O.Box 02, Beluhuloya, Sri Lanka.
D. A. C. K. Dalukdeniya1 and R. M. U. S. K. Rathnayaka1*
1Department of Food Science and Technology, Faculty of Applied Sciences, Sabaragamuwa University of Sri Lanka, P.O.Box 02, Beluhuloya, Sri Lanka.
(1) Roger A. Williams, School of Environment and Natural Resources, The Ohio State University, Columbus, USA.
(1) Aneta Popova, University of Food Technologies, Bulgaria.
(2) Syed Mubashar Sabir, University of Poonch, Rawalakot Azad Kashmir, Pakistan.
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Eryngium foetidum is an herb which is used as a medicinal and a spice plant in tropical regions. This plant is used in traditional medicine in treating conditions such as fever, chills, vomiting diarrhea, stomach aches, worms, pneumonia, flu, diabetes, constipation and malaria due to the presence of phytochemicals that is responsible for these activities. Further, it is also used as a food ingredient which is with health benefits in some countries. However, these claims have not been well proven by scientific studies. As such, this study focused on the investigation of antibacterial properties, total phenolic content and DPPH radical scavenging activity of different leaf extracts of Eryngium foetidum. Three different solvent extractions of leaves namely methanol, chloroform and water were studied. The methanol and chloroform extracts showed high antibacterial activity against gram positive bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae, Listeria monocyatogenes and Staphylococcus aureus). Water extracts showed highest activity against gram negative microorganism (Salmonella). Phenolic compounds and antioxidant activity were high in the methanol extract, water extract and chloroform extract respectively. The results of the study have revealed the presence of phytochemical responsible for the above activities and possible use of Eryngium foetidum as a food source with health benefits.
Plant extracts; antioxidant activity, antibacterial activity.
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DOI : 10.9734/JALSI/2017/34378Review History Comments