Advertisement
Quick Menu

Upcoming Journals

Journal of Advances in Medicine and Medical Research

Journal of Advances in Medicine and Medical Research, ISSN: 2456-8899, ISSN: 2231-0614 (Past),Vol.: 22, Issue.: 4

Original-research-article

Impact of Nutrient Intake and Physical Activity Level on Nutritional Status among University Students in Ghana

 

Nafiu Amidu1*, Peter P. M. Dapare1 and Yussif Adams1

1Department of Biomedical Laboratory Science, School of Allied Health Sciences, University for Development Studies, Tamale, Ghana.

 

Article Information

Editor(s):

(1) Angelo Giardino, Texas Children’s Hospital, Houston, Texas and Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, USA.

Reviewers:

(1) Yu Koyama, Niigata University, Japan.

(2) Fethi Ben Slama, National Institute of Public Health, Tunisia.

(3) Uttara Singh, Panjab University, Chandigarh, India.

(4) Kurt Widhalm, Academic Institute for Clinical Nutrition, Vienna, Austria.

Complete Peer review History: http://www.sciencedomain.org/review-history/19636

 

Abstracts

 

Aim: This study assessed the impact of nutrient intake and physical activity level on nutritional status of undergraduate university students

Study Design: Cross sectional study design.

Place and Duration of Study: School of allied health sciences, University for development studies, Tamale, Ghana between January 2015 and May 2015.

Methodology: Two hundred and fifty-two (252) undergraduate students were randomly selected for this study. Data was collected on sociodemographic characteristics using a structured questionnaire, dietary intake using a 24-hour dietary recall questionnaire; anthropometry and physical activity level were recorded. Nutritional status was assessed by computing the body mass index, waist circumference and waist to hip ratio.

Results: The mean age of the studied population was 22±2.24. The population was made of 103(40.87%) females and 149(59.13%) males. The results obtained show that the prevalence of overweight and obesity prevalence ranged from 9.13%-12.30% and 1.19%-2.78% respectively. The prevalence of underweight was 8.33%. Females were generally more overweight (p=<0.0001 and p=<0.0001 for WC and WHR respectively) and obese (p=0.0029 and p=0.0012 for WC and WHR respectively) than males. More males were involved in high physical activity (p=<0.0001) whiles more females were involved in low physical activity (p=<0.0001). The mean calorie intake of the study population was 2005±879.70. Males consumed more calories (p=0.0043) and proteins (p=0.0406) than females. Generally, the prevalence of underweight, overweight, obesity and low physical activity was higher among first year students.

Conclusion: This study highlights the increasing prevalence of underweight, overweight and obesity among undergraduate students. It also brings to bare the higher prevalence of overweight and obesity among female university students as a consequence of reduced physical activity. Prevalence of obesity and overweight as well as underweight tends to be higher among first year university students, a resultant effect of low level of nutritional knowledge.

 

Keywords :

Physical activity; students; calorie intake; nutritional status.

 

Full Article - PDF    Page 1-10    Article Metrics

 

DOI : 10.9734/JAMMR/2017/33335

Review History    Comments

Search this site

Advanced Search

Announcement & News

Nature (Impact Factor: 41.6) confirmed high standard of SDI journal and its editors

We are happy to inform that Nature (Impact Factor: 41.6) confirmed high standard of SDI journal and ...

ISI Thomson Reuters selected British Journal of Pharmaceutical Research for Emerging Sources Citation Index

We are delighted to inform that ISI Thomson Reuters selected British Journal of Pharmaceutical Resea...

SCOPUS selected Annual Research & Review in Biology (ARRB)

We are delighted to inform that famous indexing organization SCOPUS (from Elsevier) selected  A...

Index Copernicus Evaluation Result Released

We are delighted to inform that Index Copernicus (a leading indexing organization from Pol...

Journal Repository (JR): Permanent Digital Archiving of SDI journals

SDI is happy to announce that all our journals are now permanently archived in Journal Repository (J...

SDI journal got 35th ranking in Publons

We are delighted to announce (as of 04/01/2016) that British Journal of Medicine and Medical Re...

Growth of SDI and world publication market

As of 2014, total 25,064 journals are competing in World market of journal publication. In 2011, tot...

Science (IF: 31) report confirmed the high standard of SDI journal

As per a recent report (Link) of Science journal (present Impact factor 31), one of our journal (Bri...

SDI introduced Post-publication peer review by its comment section

SDI journals encourage Post-publication peer review by its comment section   Policy details a...

SDI promotes transparent Advanced OPEN peer review

We have migrated to transparent and toughest ‘Advanced OPEN peer review’ system (...



SCIENCEDOMAIN Awards

  • No Awards listed.

Browser Compatibility : Mozila firefox, Google Crome and IE 7 & above. Creative Commons License Terms & Condition   |   Privacy Policy   |   Join Us   |   Help   |   Contact Us
© Copyright 2010-2018, SCIENCEDOMAIN international. All rights reserved.