British Journal of Education, Society & Behavioural Science, ISSN: 2278-0998,Vol.: 21, Issue.: 1
Locus of Control Synergies in New Language Learning and Cultural Adaptation: A Communication Center Perspective
Roy Schwartzman1* and Karen E. Boger1 1Department of Communication Studies, University of North Carolina at Greensboro, USA.
Roy Schwartzman1* and Karen E. Boger1
1Department of Communication Studies, University of North Carolina at Greensboro, USA.
(1) Najib Ahmad Marzuki, Professor of Psychology, School of Applied Psychology, Social Work and Policy, College of Arts and Sciences, Universiti Utara Malaysia, 06010 Sintok, Kedah, Malaysia.
(1) Nancy Maynes, Nipissing University, Canada.
(2) Barry Chametzky, Pennsylvania, United States.
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This study documents how students learning English as a second language exhibit various levels of internal and external locus of control in their learning process. Focus group interviews were conducted with 21 non-native English speakers from seven nations enrolled in an intensive English language learning program at a mid-size research university in the southeastern United States. All participants engaged regularly in conversational practice at the university’s oral communication center. Participants were asked about the processes they used for learning English and what their sources of motivation were. Thematic content analysis revealed that internal and external locus of control tended to operate synergistically in the process of learning a new language and adapting to a new culture. Motivation to initiate and persist in new language acquisition emerged from a blend of personal agency, inspiration from family and teachers, and social exigencies. The dynamic interplay between internal and external locus of control challenges common portrayals of these dimensions as antagonistic. Learners often range across levels of internal and external orientations, suggesting need to reconsider characterizations of internality primarily as an enhancer and externality primarily as an inhibitor of learning.
Locus of control; communication centers; English as a second language; intercultural communication.
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