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British Journal of Medicine and Medical Research

British Journal of Medicine and Medical Research, ISSN: 2231-0614,Vol.: 22, Issue.: 1

 

Short Communication

 

Human Exposure to Poultry and Poultry Products and the Risk of Death from Hematopoietic & Lymphatic Cancers

 

 

S. Bangara1,2, N. Preacely1, M. J. Felini1,3 and E. S. Johnson1,4*

1Department of Epidemiology, University of North Texas Health Science Center, 3500 Camp Bowie Blvd, Fort Worth, TX 76107, USA.

2Public Health Program, Austin College, 900 Grand Ave, Sherman, TX 75090, USA. 

3Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of North Texas Health Science Center, 3500 Camp Bowie Blvd, Fort Worth, TX 76107, USA.

4Department of Epidemiology, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, 4301W Markham Street, Little Rock, AR 72205, USA.

 

Abstracts

 

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to obtain preliminary information on occupational exposures responsible for the excess of hematopoietic & lymphatic (H&L) cancers previously observed in cohort mortality studies of workers in poultry slaughtering and processing plants.

Methods: A pilot case-cohort study was conducted nested within a combined cohort of 30,411 poultry workers and 16,408 controls, identified from several United Food & Commercial Workers (UFCW) unions across the United States. Interviewed cases were 48 deaths out of a total of 130 deaths (37%) from H & L tumors that occurred in the cohort between 1990-2003. Controls were N=152 subjects that were successfully interviewed out of 1516 subjects (10%) randomly selected from all cohort members alive as of January 1, 1990. Telephone interviews were obtained directly from live control subjects or next-of-kin for deceased cases and controls. Mortality risk was assessed using logistic regression odds ratios and hazard ratios.

Results: Poultry farming [OR=10.8 (95% CI: 3.0-39.1)] and spreading chicken wastes as manure [OR=5.6 (95% CI: 1.5-20.4)] were significantly associated with lymphoma; handling raw eggs in supermarkets [OR=4.3 (95% CI: 1.0-18.0)] was significantly associated with leukemia. Non-poultry exposures significantly associated with these tumors included coal by-products, selling seafood, and killing of pigs.

Conclusion: This preliminary study identifies possible occupational exposures that may be associated with excess deaths from H & L tumors in poultry workers. Case-control studies of sufficient statistical power are now needed to confirm these findings and discover new ones.

 

Keywords :

Chicken plants; leukemia; lymphoma; poultry; cancer; occupational exposures; mortality.

 

Full Article - PDF    Page 1-10    Article Metrics

 

DOI : 10.9734/BJMMR/2017/34034

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