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Journal of Complementary and Alternative Medical Research

Journal of Complementary and Alternative Medical Research, ISSN: 2456-6276,Vol.: 3, Issue.: 1

 

Original-research-article

 

Medical Students’ Knowledge, Attitude and Practice towards Traditional and Complementary Medicine, Tanta City, Gharbiyah Governorate, Egypt

 

 

Ahmed Tawfik El-Olemy1,2, Nashwa Mohammed Radwan1, Walid Mostafa Dawoud1, Hanaa A. Zayed1, Ehab Abo Ali1, Hala Elsabbagh1, Dalal Salem Al-Dossari3, Sara Osama Salem4 and Naseem Akhtar Qureshi2*

1Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Tanta Medical School, University of Tanta, Tanta City, Egypt.

2National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

3Medication Safety Unit, King Saud Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

4Poisoning and Information Center, King Saud Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

 

Abstracts

 

Background: The use of traditional and complementary medicine (T&CM) is rising among public and patients around the world, and this epidemiological trend is attributed to multiple explanations including diverse cultural belief systems.

Objective: The aim of this study was to explore knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) of medical students towards T&CM.

Methods: A cross-sectional study enrolled a random sample of 1160 medical students from Tanta city, Gharbiyah governorate, Egypt between February and March, 2016. Their responses were recorded on a self-designed and self-administered structured questionnaire.

Results: About 86.21% of students had some knowledge about T&CM. Media was the main source of knowledge (TV 31.2%, and internet 13.6%) but males (media, 63.2%) and females (multiple sources, 32.9%) differed significantly concerning source of knowledge (P<0.05).Of studied subjects, 66.6% used once some form of T&CM in lifetime but 62.2% of them used more than one modality. The most common modalities used in decreasing frequency were herbal medicine, Prophetic medicine, cupping (hijama), nutritional supplements, and honey and bee products. The reported reasons for using T&CM included being safe with less side effects (29.0%), religious and social beliefs (25.5%), failure of conventional medicine (15.9%) and less cost (13.1%). Most of the participants (80.3%) agreed that T&CM services should be available to patients. 90.0% of students expressed that T&CM needs to be regulated by concerned authorities. Furthermore, 86.6% of the participants suggested that the community including patients need health education about T&CM.

Conclusion: Overall, majority of participants showed good knowledge and favourable attitudes towards T&CM along with its good practice. Furthermore, T&CM needs regulatory measures along with its integration into conventional medicine. T&CM should be accessible to all patients, and all concerned people including medical students require mandatory health education and training to further improve their KAP.

 

Keywords :

Traditional and complementary medicine; conventional medicine; medical students; Egypt.

 

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