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International Journal of Plant & Soil Science, ISSN: 2320-7035,Vol.: 15, Issue.: 2

Original-research-article

Comparative Study of Mango Based Agroforestry and Mono-Cropping System under Rainfed Condition of West Bengal

 

Babloo Sharma1*, Sandeep Kumar Tripathi1, P. K. Dhara1, Pratibha Kumari2, Santosh K. Meena3, Reena Kumari4 and Adyant Kumar5

1Department of Soil and Water Conservation, Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya, Mohanpur, Nadia-741 252, West Bengal, India.

2International Rice Research Institute, Philippines-Cereal Systems Initiative for South Asia (CSISA, India Office, Patna, Bihar), India.

3Department of Agronomy, Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi-221005, Uttar Pradesh, India.

4Department of Agricultural Engineering, N. M. College of Agriculture, Navsari Agricultural University, Navsari-396450, Gujarat, India.

5Department of Agronomy, Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya, Mohanpur, Nadia-741 252, West Bengal, India.

Article Information
Editor(s):
(1) Enrique Luis Cointry Peix, Department of Plant Breeding, Rosario National University, Argentina.
Reviewers:
(1) Msafiri Y. Mkonda, Sokoine University of Agriculture, Tanzania.
(2) Dennis Kyereh, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Ghana.
Complete Peer review History: http://www.sciencedomain.org/review-history/18366

Abstracts

In India, the uncertainty of rainfed agriculture is high due to low and erratic rainfall, steep land slope and short cropping period. Objective of the study was to assess the effect of mango based agroforestry on productivity of cereal, oilseed crop and trees in highly degraded areas of West Bengal. This experiment was carried out on ongoing experiment plot of agroforestry systems at Regional Research Station of (B.C.K.V., started from 2007) Jhargram, West Bengal during two consecutive years i.e. 2014-15 to 2015-16. The experiment comprised two trees viz. gamhar (silvi tree) and mango (fruit tree) one cereal crop viz. maize and one oilseed crop viz. groundnut. The yield different entity was recorded and converted on per hectare basis. The highest yield i.e. groundnut equivalent yield was recorded 14.29 and 15.97 t ha-1 in Mango+ Gamhar+ Groundnut treatment during 2014-15 and 2015-16, respectively, followed by Mango+ Gamhar+ Maize treatment. The lowest groundnut equivalent yield was recorded under maize mono-cropping treatment during two consecutive years. The highest gross return was recorded INR. 357334 and 478996 under Mango+ Gamhar+ Groundnut based system during 2014-15 and 2015-16, respectively. In this way mango based agroforestry system is more suitable and sustainable approach under rainfed condition as compared with mono-cropping systems.

Keywords :

Mangifera indica; Gmelina arborea; Groundnut equivalent yield; B:C ratio; mono crop.

Full Article - PDF    Page 1-7

DOI : 10.9734/IJPSS/2017/32283

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