Quick Menu

Upcoming Journals

Journal of Scientific Research and Reports

Journal of Scientific Research and Reports, ISSN: 2320-0227,Vol.: 13, Issue.: 3


Performance, Carcass Yield and Gut Microflora of Broiler Chickens Offered with Viola odorata Leaf Extract in Drinking Water


W. A. Olayemi1*, O. A. Akapo2, R. A. Olorunsola3, A. O. Oso2, A. M. Bamgbose2 and A. O. Mafimidiwo1

1Department of Agricultural Technology, Yaba College of Technology, P.M.B. 2011, Yaba, Lagos, Nigeria.

2Department of Animal Nutrition, College of Animal Science and Livestock Production, University of Agriculture, P.M.B. 2240, Abeokuta, Nigeria. 

3Department of Biological Science, Ondo State University of Science and Technology, Okitipupa, Nigeria.


Article Information
(1) Mario A. Pagnotta, Department of Science and Technologies for Agriculture, Forestry, Nature and Energy (DAFNE), Tuscia University, Italy.
(1) Armando Cuéllar Cuéllar, Havana University, Cuba.
(2) Guillermo Tellez, University of Arkansas, USA.
(3) Ionica Mihaela Iancu, Banat University of Agronomical Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Timisoara, Romania.
(4) Monika Palacios Martínez, UAM-X, Mexico.
Complete Peer review History: http://www.sciencedomain.org/review-history/18276




The cross resistance of antibiotics from birds to human advocated using of herb extract.120 day old broiler chickens of Arbor Acres strain were used for the study. Birds were randomly allotted into four experimental treatments with three replicate of ten birds per replicate. T1 control without antibiotics, T2 with antibiotics (Amoxycol® wsp containing Amoxycillin 200 mg + collistin sulphate 1,000,000iu) at 1 g/litre of drinking water, T3 contain 10% Viola odorata extracts offered at 1 ml extract/1 litre of drinking water, while T4 contain 20% Viola odorata extracts offered at 1 ml extract/1 litre of drinking water. The birds were exposed to the same environment, feeds and water were given ad libitum and other routine management practices were carried out. Significant differences (P>0.05) existed in the daily feed intake, total feed intake and feed conversion ratio. Birds on 20% extracts recorded the highest feed intake while birds on T3 10% extract consumed the least. Broiler chickens on 10% extracts recorded best feed conversion ratio. Increased feed intake and digestive secretions were observed in animals offered phytobiotic-supplemented feed. The gut microflora showed significant difference (P>0.05) existed between the population of Proteus mirabilis, Staphylococcus aureus and total anaerobic bacteria counts. It was observed that Proteus mirabilis colony forming unit in broiler chickens fed diets containing antibiotics and 20% Viola odorata were 2.00 log10 of the organisms respectively. The result deduced in this study showed that the inclusions of the leaf extracts at either 10% or 20% concentration has no detrimental effect to broiler chickens.


Keywords :

Proteus mirabilis; Staphylococcus aureus; Viola odorata.


Full Article - PDF    Page 1-8    Article Metrics


DOI : 10.9734/JSRR/2017/31996

Review History    Comments

Search this site

Advanced Search

Announcement & News

ISI Thomson Reuters selected British Journal of Pharmaceutical Research for Emerging Sources Citation Index

We are delighted to inform that ISI Thomson Reuters selected British Journal of Pharmaceutical Resea...

SCOPUS selected Annual Research & Review in Biology (ARRB)

We are delighted to inform that famous indexing organization SCOPUS (from Elsevier) selected  A...

Index Copernicus Evaluation Result Released

We are delighted to inform that Index Copernicus (a leading indexing organization from Pol...

Journal Repository (JR): Permanent Digital Archiving of SDI journals

SDI is happy to announce that all our journals are now permanently archived in Journal Repository (J...

SDI journal got 35th ranking in Publons

We are delighted to announce (as of 04/01/2016) that British Journal of Medicine and Medical Re...

Growth of SDI and world publication market

As of 2014, total 25,064 journals are competing in World market of journal publication. In 2011, tot...

Science (IF: 31) report confirmed the high standard of SDI journal

As per a recent report (Link) of Science journal (present Impact factor 31), one of our journal (Bri...

SDI introduced Post-publication peer review by its comment section

SDI journals encourage Post-publication peer review by its comment section   Policy details a...

SDI promotes transparent Advanced OPEN peer review

We have migrated to transparent and toughest ‘Advanced OPEN peer review’ system (...


  • No Awards listed.

Browser Compatibility : Mozila firefox, Google Crome and IE 7 & above. Creative Commons License Terms & Condition   |   Privacy Policy   |   Join Us   |   Help   |   Contact Us
© Copyright 2010-2018, SCIENCEDOMAIN international. All rights reserved.