Quick Menu

Upcoming Journals
  • No Upcoming Journals

Chemical Science International Journal

Chemical Science International Journal, 2456-706X,Vol.: 18, Issue.: 2

 

Original-research-article

 

Assessment of Physico-chemical Suitability of Groundwater for Drinking and Agriculture Purposes in Bonoua and Samo (South-East Côte d’Ivoire)

 

 

Ahoussi Kouassi Ernest1*, Koffi Yao Blaise1, Kouassi Amani Michel2, Aké Gabriel Étienne1 and Biémi Jean1

1Laboratoire des Sciences et Techniques de l’Eau et de l’Environnement (LSTEE), UFR des Sciences de la Terre et des Ressources Minières (STRM), Université Félix Houphouët Boigny de Cocody, 22 B.P. 582, Abidjan 22, Côte d’Ivoire.

2Laboratoire du Génie Civil, des Géosciences et des Sciences Géographiques, Département des Sciences de la Terre et des Ressources Minières (STeRMi), Institut National Polytechnique Felix Houphouet-Boigny (INP-HB), BP 1093 Yamoussoukro, Cote d’Ivoire.

 

Abstracts

 

Aims: The goal of this study is to know the quality of groundwater from Bonoua and Samo, for drinking and irrigation purposes.

Methodology: Three (3) samples from boreholes and hand dug wells were taking for this study. Then groundwater quality and its suitability for irrigation and domestic purposes in Bonoua and Samo, South-East Côte d’Ivoire was examined using various physico-chemical parameters such as pH, electrical conductivity, total dissolved solids, total hardness, calcium, magnesium, sodium, potassium, bicarbonate, sulfate, chloride and heavy metals.

These parameters were used to assess the suitability of groundwater for domestic purposes by comparing with the WHO standards. Sodium adsorption ratio (SAR) and percentage of sodium (%Na) were used for irrigation suitability assessment.

Results: The groundwater is acidic with a pH that varies from 4.8 to 5.4. The electrical conductivity values is low with an average of 66.54±29.07 μS/cm. The sample analysis reveals that except to the pH, the groundwater is entirely fit for drinking with respect to WHO guidelines. The groundwater from Bonoua and Samo is a fresh water and classified into three principal hydrochemical facies depending on the dominant ions present: HCO3-Ca-Mg; Cl-SO4-Ca-Mg and Cl-HCO3-Mg-Ca. The PCA results showed that two phenomenon controlled the process of groundwater mineralization in the area. In fact weathering and dissolution of minerals were found to be the major geochemical processes governing the groundwater evolution. Groundwater is also influenced by anthropogenic activities such as agricultural practices (Fertilizers spreader).

Conclusion: Groundwater from the study area is influenced by anthropogenic activities such as agricultural practices. Based on SAR and %Na almost samples are suitable for irrigation purposes.

 

Keywords :

Agriculture; Bonoua; Côte d’Ivoire; groundwater quality; Samo; SAR; sodium percentage.

 

Full Article - PDF    Page 1-13    Article Metrics

 

DOI : 10.9734/CSJI/2017/30787

Review History    Comments

Search this site

Advanced Search

Announcement & News

ISI Thomson Reuters selected British Journal of Pharmaceutical Research for Emerging Sources Citation Index

We are delighted to inform that ISI Thomson Reuters selected British Journal of Pharmaceutical Resea...

SCOPUS selected Annual Research & Review in Biology (ARRB)

We are delighted to inform that famous indexing organization SCOPUS (from Elsevier) selected  A...

Index Copernicus Evaluation Result Released

We are delighted to inform that Index Copernicus (a leading indexing organization from Pol...

Journal Repository (JR): Permanent Digital Archiving of SDI journals

SDI is happy to announce that all our journals are now permanently archived in Journal Repository (J...

Index Copernicus Value of British Journal of Medicine and Medical Research

  We are delighted to inform that Index Copernicus (a leading indexing organization ...

SDI journal got 35th ranking in Publons

We are delighted to announce (as of 04/01/2016) that British Journal of Medicine and Medical Re...

Growth of SDI and world publication market

As of 2014, total 25,064 journals are competing in World market of journal publication. In 2011, tot...

Publication and site statistics (up to Sept, 2015)

  Number of submission: 22181 (Total up to Sept, 2015) Number of published paper: 10949&n...

Index Medicus selected 15 SDI journals

We are delighted to inform that Index Medicus (IMSEAR) has selected following 15 SDI journals for in...

SCIENCEDOMAIN international received 5844 submissions in 2013

SCIENCEDOMAIN international is pleased to announce that it has received 5844 submissions in 2013, ac...



SCIENCEDOMAIN Awards

  • No Awards listed.

Browser Compatibility : Mozila firefox, Google Crome and IE 7 & above. Creative Commons License Terms & Condition   |   Privacy Policy   |   Join Us   |   Help   |   Contact Us
© Copyright 2010-2017, SCIENCEDOMAIN international. All rights reserved.