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British Journal of Applied Science & Technology, ISSN: 2231-0843,Vol.: 3, Issue.: 4 (October-December)

Review Article

Entropy in the Analysis of Gait Complexity: A State of the Art

 

B. De La Cruz Torres1, M. D. Sánchez López2, E. Sarabia Cachadiña3 and J. Naranjo Orellana3*

1Department of Physiotherapy, University of Sevilla, Spain.
2Andalussian Center for Sports Medicine; Sevilla, Spain.
3Department of Sports and Computing, Pablo de Olavide University; Sevilla, Spain.

Article Information

Editor(s):

(1) Rodolfo Dufo Lopez, Electrical Engineering Department University of Zaragoza, Spain.

Reviewers:

(1) Anonymous

(2) Anonymous

(3) Anonymous

(4) Anonymous

(5) Anonymous

Complete Peer review History: http://www.sciencedomain.org/review-history/1736

Abstracts

Human gait is a non-linear complex process requiring appropriate mathematical measuring tools. Entropy is a measure that quantifies regularity in time series: the more predictable a series is the lower the entropy value. The mathematical methods used to estimate entropy have evolved over time. At present, three algorithms are the most used to study human gait complexity: the approximate entropy (ApEn), the sample entropy (SampEn), and the multi-scale entropy (MSE). Most studies on human gait complexity have been conducted on elderly subjects or subjects with specific disorders affecting gait patterns and they used ApEn; but, because of a set of conceptual errors, the ApEn is not the most appropriate algorithm for the analysis of biological signals. Very few studies use SampEn or MSE to analyze human gait variability, but they agree that these algorithms might contribute new perspectives in the analysis of human gait and that MSE seems to be the most sensitive algorithm to changes in gait in healthy subjects.

Keywords :

Entropy; human gait; complexity; multiscale.

Full Article - PDF    Page 1097-1105

DOI : 10.9734/BJAST/2013/4698

Review History    Comments

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