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British Journal of Medicine and Medical Research, ISSN: 2231-0614,Vol.: 19, Issue.: 3


Evaluation of Dental Caries in Preterm Born Children with Enamel Defects


Rajesh Kumar1* and Abi M. Thomas1

1Department of Pedodontia, Christian Dental College, Ludhiana-141008, Punjab, India.

Article Information
(1) Ibrahim El-Sayed M. El-Hakim, Ain Shams University, Egypt and Riyadh College of Dentistry and Pharmacy, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
(2) Emad Tawfik Mahmoud Daif, Professor of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, Cairo University, Egypt.
(3) James Anthony Giglio, Adjunct Clinical Professor of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Dentistry, Virginia Commonwealth University, Virginia, USA.
(4) Chan Shen, Department of Biostatistics, MD Anderson Cancer Center, University of Texas, USA.
(1) M. O. Folayan, Obafemi Awolowo University, Nigeria.
(2) B. C. Ephraim-Emmanuel, Bayelsa State College of Health Technology, Nigeria.
(3) Alcindo Cerci Neto, Londrina State University, Brazil.
Complete Peer review History: http://www.sciencedomain.org/review-history/17275


Introduction: Predisposition of preterm born children to systemic illness and metabolic disorders leads to defects in hard tissue calcification. One such defect may manifest as hypoplasia of enamel. Imposed on this is frequent sugar exposure due to chronic medication, lowered immunocompetence that accounts for lower serum IgG, IgM and IgA antibodies further predisposes to these children to dental caries. This study is done to evaluate the dental caries in preterm born children with enamel defects.

Materials and Methods: A total of 200 children in age group of 2-8 years were taken, out of those group 1 comprised of preterm born children and group 2 comprised of children born full term. Intraoral examination was done to check for enamel hypoplasia and dental caries and was assessed using DDE (developmental defects of enamel) index for enamel hypoplasia and DMFS (Decayed missing filled) index, defs (decayed extracted filled surfaces) index for dental caries respectively.

Results: The results showed that enamel hypoplasia can be the major contributing factor to develop dental caries.

Conclusion: Early recognition and intervention to treat enamel hypoplasia in preterm children should be a prime consideration so as to prevent development of dental caries. Education of both health care professionals and parents regarding overall dental health is of utmost importance.

Keywords :

Pre term; enamel hypoplasia; dental caries.

Full Article - PDF    Page 1-5

DOI : 10.9734/BJMMR/2017/28094

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