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British Journal of Medicine and Medical Research

British Journal of Medicine and Medical Research, ISSN: 2231-0614,Vol.: 19, Issue.: 1


The Effect of Denitrification in the Human Dental Biofilm on Oral Tissues


Luay Thanoon Younis1*, Mohamed Ibrahim Abu Hassan1 and Tara Bai Taiyeb Ali2

1Faculty of Dentistry, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 47000 Sungai Buloh, Malaysia.

2Faculty of Dentistry, Universiti Malaya, 50603 Kalua Lumpur, Malaysia.


Article Information
(1) James Anthony Giglio, Adjunct Clinical Professor of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Dentistry, Virginia, Commonwealth University, Virginia, USA.
(2) Oswin Grollmuss, Head of Department of Pediatric and Adult Resuscitation Congenital Heart of Centre Chirurgical Marie Lannelongue, University Paris XI, France.
(1) Pramod Virupapuram, Ayush university Chhattisgarh, India.
(2) Miguel A. Sogorb, Miguel Hernández University, Spain.
(3) Giselle Rodrigues de Sant’ Anna, Cruzeiro do Sul University, Brazil.
(4) Sara Bernardi, University of L’Aquila, Italy.
(5) Ritu Gupta, D.J. College of Dental Sciences and Research, India.
(6) B. C. Ephraim-Emmanuel, Bayelsa State College of Health Technology, Nigeria.
Complete Peer review History:




Global oral health surveys reveal that periodontal disease and dental caries affect human populations throughout the world. Denitrification plays both positive and negative roles in these disease processes by producing by-products that alter the oral environment, change the oral ecological balance, and the oral tissue immune response. Nitrate reduction may have a detrimental effect on the tooth supporting structures if the by-products of reduction are not neutralized. However, the nitrogen oxide by-products are beneficial in reducing dental caries. In this paper, we review the process of denitrification and its effect on the oral tissues.


Keywords :

Denitrification; salivary nitrate; dental caries; periodontal disease.


Full Article - PDF    Page 1-5    Article Metrics


DOI : 10.9734/BJMMR/2017/29816

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