+91 8617752708

British Journal of Medicine and Medical Research, ISSN: 2231-0614,Vol.: 18, Issue.: 8

Short Research Article

Identification of Candidate Biomarkers and Cancer Genes AHNAK2 and EPPK1 in Pancreatic Cancer


Alex Smith1, Logan Poole1,2, Kavita Dhanwada3 and Nalin C. W. Goonesekere1*

1Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Northern Iowa, USA.

#2Cancer Biology Program, University of Chicago, USA.

3Department of Biology, University of Northern Iowa, USA.

Article Information
(1) Alex Xiucheng Fan, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Florida, USA.
(1) Taiga Otsuka, Saga Medical Center Koseikan, Japan.
(2) Mahbuba Rahman, Sidra Medical and Research Center, Doha, Qatar.
(3) Arturo Ortega, Cinvestav-IPN Mexico City, Mexico.
Complete Peer review History: http://www.sciencedomain.org/review-history/16815


Aims: The lack of specific symptoms at early tumor stages, together with a high biological aggressiveness of the tumor contribute to the high mortality rate for pancreatic cancer (PC). Improved screening for earlier diagnosis, through the detection of diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers provides the best hope of increasing the rate of curatively resectable carcinomas. The aim of this study is to provide new targets for use as biomarkers in PC.

Study Design: In a previous study, we identified novel candidate cancer genes and biomarkers that were significantly upregulated in PC, through a meta-analysis of large number of microarray datasets, using bioinformatics methods.  In this study, we analyzed the expression of these genes in a panel of pancreatic cancer cell lines by quantitative Reverse Transcription-PCR (qRT-PCR). 

Place and Duration of Study: Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry and Department of Biology, University of Northern Iowa, USA, between June 2014 and Dec 2015.

Methodology: We analyzed the expression of three genes, AHNAK2, EPPK1 and IGHG3 in a panel of seven standard PC cell lines, AsPC-1, BxPC-3, Capan-2, CFPAC-1, HPAF-II, PANC-1, and SW 1990 by Relative Quantification. qRT-PCR experiments were conducted in triplicate, and each experiment was replicated twice using different passages. 

Results: AHNAK2 was significantly upregulated in all PC cell lines tested, with P values < 0.005 except for PANC-1 (P < 0.05). EPPK1 too was significantly upregulated (P < 0.05) in six of seven PC cell lines tested. While IGHG3 was nominally upregulated in all PC cell lines, upregulation was significant (P < 0.05) in only four PC cell lines.

Conclusion: Our results confirm that AHNAK2 and EPPK1 are novel candidates for use as biomarkers in pancreatic cancer. IGHG3 does not appear to be a suitable candidate, due to its low levels of expression in both PC and control cell lines.

Keywords :

Pancreatic cancer; biomarkers; cancer genes; AHNAK2; EPPK1; IGHG3.

Full Article - PDF    Page 1-8

DOI : 10.9734/BJMMR/2016/28034

Review History    Comments

Our Contacts

Guest House Road, Street no - 1/6,
Hooghly, West Bengal,

+91 8617752708


Third Floor, 207 Regent Street
London, W1B 3HH,

+44 20-3031-1429