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Journal of Scientific Research and Reports, ISSN: 2320-0227,Vol.: 12, Issue.: 3


Factors Associated with the Use of Emergency Contraceptive Pills among Students of the Takoradi Polytechnic in Ghana


Stephen Manortey1*, Wilhelmina T. Duah1 and Frank Baiden1

1Ensign College of Public Health, Kpong, Eastern Region, Ghana.

Article Information
(1) Durjoy Majumder, Department of Physiology, West Bengal State University, India.
(1) N. Goldstuck, Stellenbosch University, South Africa.
(2) Christopher Ekpenyong, University of Uyo, Nigeria.
(3) K. S. Sunil Kumar, SDM College of Medical Sciences and Hospital, India.
(4) Mariano Martin-Loeches de la Lastra, Spain.
Complete Peer review History: http://www.sciencedomain.org/review-history/16609


Background: Unintended pregnancy and unsafe abortions are major public health problems in sub-Saharan Africa. In the Western Region of Ghana, unsafe abortions account for 3.8% of all maternal deaths. Emergency contraceptive pills (ECP) give women opportunity to prevent unwanted pregnancy in the first few days after unprotected sexual intercourse. The aim of this study was to evaluate the awareness and use of ECPs among students in a tertiary institution in the Western Region of Ghana.

Methods: We conducted a survey using a self-administered questionnaire which inquired into socio demographic background, awareness, knowledge and use of ECPs. We performed descriptive and bivariate analysis, and used logistic regression in analysis to determine the factors influencing ECP use.

Results: Awareness of emergency contraceptive was high (74.7%) but use was low 28.4%. Those who had basic awareness of EC however lacked detailed knowledge about the content, effectiveness and the timing schedule after unprotected sex. Sixty seven per cent had used emergency contraceptive pills more than ones within a year.

Conclusions: A high level of ECP awareness in this student population is not matched by usage.  Abuse and repeated use of emergency contraceptive could be curbed by educating young adults on emergency contraception with emphasis on content, effectiveness and correct timing of use, through various communication channels.

Keywords :

Emergency contraceptive pill; student; Takoradi Polytechnic; Ghana.

Full Article - PDF    Page 1-10

DOI : 10.9734/JSRR/2016/29478

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