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British Journal of Medicine and Medical Research, ISSN: 2231-0614,Vol.: 18, Issue.: 3

Original-research-article

Association between Body Mass Index (BMI) and Glycemic Control in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Admitted in a Rural Teaching Hospital in the State of Kerala, India – A Pilot Study

 

Ashish V. Paul1, Abraham M. Ittyachen2*, Anna Mathew3 and Saravana K. Velusamy4

1Malankara Orthodox Syrian Church Medical College and Hospital, Kolenchery – 682311, Kerala State, India.

2Department of Medicine, Malankara Orthodox Syrian Church Medical College and Hospital, Kolenchery – 682311, Kerala State, India.

3Department of Pharmacology and Research Co-ordinator, Malankara Orthodox Syrian Church Medical College and Hospital, Kolenchery – 682311, Kerala State, India.

4Department of Biostatistics, Christian Medical College, Vellore – 632004, Tamil Nadu, India.

Article Information
Editor(s):
(1) Shashank Kumar, Assistant Professor, Center for Biochemistry and Microbial Sciences Central University of Punjab, India.
(2) Philippe E. Spiess, Department of Genitourinary Oncology, Moffitt Cancer Center, USA and Department of Urology and Department of Oncologic Sciences (Joint Appointment), College of Medicine, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, USA.
Reviewers:
(1) Amina Barkat, Mohammed V University at Souissi, Morocco.
(2) Anonymous, Guizhou Provincial People’s Hospital, Guiyang, China.
(3) Carine Eloise Prestes Zimmermann, Federal University of Santa Maria, Brazil.
(4) Anonymous, Ottawa, Canada.
(5) Elvira Bormusov, The Lloyd Rigler Sleep Apnea Research Laboratory, Technion Inst. of Technology, Bat Galim, Israel.
Complete Peer review History: http://www.sciencedomain.org/review-history/16509

Abstracts

Aim: To determine body mass index (BMI) of all hospitalized type 2 diabetic patients and its association with HbA1C value

Study Design: Pilot cross-sectional study.

Place and Duration of Study: Department of Medicine, Malankara Orthodox Syrian Church Medical College and Hospital, Kolenchery, Kerala State, India. Two calendar months in 2014.

Methodology: The study covered 79 type 2 diabetic patients admitted in a tertiary care centre in a rural area of Kerala state in southern India. With a pre-set questionnaire and format, data was collected. Analysis of data was done using appropriate statistical tools.

Results: A total of 79 diabetic patients were covered in the study. Among the participantss 41.8% were overweight, 50.6% belonged to the normal BMI range and 7.6% were underweight. There was no statistically significant association between BMI and glycemic control (p = 0.39). There was significant association between glycemic control and age of the patient (p = 0.029); with increasing age there was better glycemic control. Further there was no significant association between weight, height, waist hip ratio, duration, socioeconomic score, gender, method of diabetic control, comorbidities, other regular medications and exercise with glycemic control.

Conclusion: There was no association between BMI and glycemic control of hospitalized type 2 diabetic patients. Glycemic control of diabetic patients was related to the age of the patient; with increasing age there was better glycemic control.

Keywords :

Type 2 diabetes mellitus; glyc­­­emic control; body mass index; age; hospitalized patients.

Full Article - PDF    Page 1-7

DOI : 10.9734/BJMMR/2016/28305

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