Quick Menu

Upcoming Journals

European Journal of Medicinal Plants

European Journal of Medicinal Plants, ISSN: 2231-0894,Vol.: 3, Issue.: 3 (July-September)

Original Research Article

Antioxidant and Antimicrobial Properties of Selected Plant Leaves


B. O. T. Ifesan1*, J. F. Fashakin2, F. Ebosele1 and A. S. Oyerinde3

1Department of Food Science and Technology, Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria.
2Department of Hospitality Management Technology, Lagos State Polytechnic, Nigeria.
3Department of Agriculture Engineering, Federal University of Technology Akure, Nigeria.




Aims: To determine the antimicrobial and antioxidant potentials of some readily available plant leaves in order to source for alternate antioxidants and antibiotics.
Study Design: Randomized complete block design.
Place and Duration of Study: Department of Food Science and Technology, Federal University of Technology Akure Nigeria between Feb 2010 and Jan 2011.
Methodology: Ethanol, hexane and water extracts from leaves of Anacardium occidentale (cashew), Cocos nucifera (coconut), Citrus sinesis (sweet orange), Citrus limon (lemon) and Carica papaya (pawpaw) were prepared and screened for their antioxidant and antimicrobial properties. The total phenolic content (TPC) was determined by folin-Ciocalteu assay. Antioxidant property of the plant extracts were evaluated using inhibition of free radical 2, 2- diphenyl-2-picryl hydrazyl (DPPH). The antimicrobial activity of the extract against microorganisms (Acinetobacter spp., Bacillus cereus, Escherichia coli, Shigella dysenteriae, Staphylococcus aureus, Salmonella typhi, Aspergillus niger and Aspergillus flavus) was determined using modified agar-well diffusion method.
Results: Total phenol content (TPC) of leaf extracts based on tannic acid equivalent revealed that the TPC of cashew leaf ranged from 2.21 to 7.49 mg TAE/g, coconut leaf extract (0.59-2.22 mg TAE/g), lemon leaf extract (0.97-3.9 mg TAE/g), sweet orange (0.54-0.69 mg TAE/g) and pawpaw leaf extract (0.22- 0.36mgTAE/g). At 0.2mg/ml concentration, the highest antioxidant activity was observed from hexane extracts (45.03%-76.05%) followed by water extracts (45.82% -71.7%) and ethanol extracts (32.75%-56.79%). Ethanol extract (0.2mg/ml) from A. occidentale and C. papaya showed antimicrobial activity against all the eight microorganisms tested with inhibition zones ranging from 2-12 mm. The highest inhibition zone of 12mm was observed in A. occidentale leaf against Shigella dysenteriae while C. limon leaf had the lowest inhibition zone of 2 mm against B. cereus.
Conclusion: We may conclude that A. occidentale and C. papaya leaves demonstrated broad spectrum activities. The results provided evidence that the plant leaves investigated in this study might indeed be potential sources of natural antioxidant and antimicrobial agents if further investigated.


Keywords :

Antioxidant; antimicrobial; Anacardium occidentale; Cocos nucifera; Citrus sinesis; Citrus limon and Carica papaya.


Full Article - PDF    Page 465-473    Article Metrics


DOI : 10.9734/EJMP/2013/3383

Review History    Comments

Search this site

Advanced Search

Announcement & News

Nature (Impact Factor: 41.6) confirmed high standard of SDI journal and its editors

We are happy to inform that Nature (Impact Factor: 41.6) confirmed high standard of SDI journal and ...

ISI Thomson Reuters selected British Journal of Pharmaceutical Research for Emerging Sources Citation Index

We are delighted to inform that ISI Thomson Reuters selected British Journal of Pharmaceutical Resea...

SCOPUS selected Annual Research & Review in Biology (ARRB)

We are delighted to inform that famous indexing organization SCOPUS (from Elsevier) selected  A...

Index Copernicus Evaluation Result Released

We are delighted to inform that Index Copernicus (a leading indexing organization from Pol...

Journal Repository (JR): Permanent Digital Archiving of SDI journals

SDI is happy to announce that all our journals are now permanently archived in Journal Repository (J...

SDI journal got 35th ranking in Publons

We are delighted to announce (as of 04/01/2016) that British Journal of Medicine and Medical Re...

Growth of SDI and world publication market

As of 2014, total 25,064 journals are competing in World market of journal publication. In 2011, tot...

Science (IF: 31) report confirmed the high standard of SDI journal

As per a recent report (Link) of Science journal (present Impact factor 31), one of our journal (Bri...

SDI introduced Post-publication peer review by its comment section

SDI journals encourage Post-publication peer review by its comment section   Policy details a...

SDI promotes transparent Advanced OPEN peer review

We have migrated to transparent and toughest ‘Advanced OPEN peer review’ system (...


  • No Awards listed.

Browser Compatibility : Mozila firefox, Google Crome and IE 7 & above. Creative Commons License Terms & Condition   |   Privacy Policy   |   Join Us   |   Help   |   Contact Us
© Copyright 2010-2018, SCIENCEDOMAIN international. All rights reserved.