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British Journal of Medicine and Medical Research, ISSN: 2231-0614,Vol.: 15, Issue.: 11


Prevalence of Iron Deficiency Anemia among Chronic Kidney Disease Patients in Kaveri Delta Region, Tamilnadu, India


Deepika Muniyandi1, Nathiya Shanmugam1,2, Kumaresan Ramanathan1,3*, Bhooma Vijayaraghavan4 and Giri Padmanabhan4

1Department of Biotechnology, Periyar Maniammai University, Vallam-613403, Tamilnadu, India.

2Department of Biotechnology, Bharathidasan University Constituent College for Women, Oranthanadu-614 625, Tamilnadu, India.

3Department of Biochemistry, College of Health Sciences, Mekelle University (Ayder Campus), Mekelle, Ethiopia.

4Kidney Care, C-50,10th B Cross, Thillai Nagar East, Tiruchirapplli-620018, Tamilnadu, India.

Article Information
(1) Toru Watanabe, Department of Pediatrics, Niigata City General Hospital, Japan.
(1) Xavier Vandemergel, Centres Hospitaliers Jolimont, Belgium.
(2) Mohamed EL Hioui, IBN TOFAIL University, Kenitra, Morocco.
(3) Ayele Argaw Denboba, University of Rome 'Tor Vergata’, Italy.
(4) Vasa Jevremovic, American Northwest University, Bosnia & Herzegovina.
Complete Peer review History:


Background: Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) is the most common type of anemia. But the incidence of iron deficiency anemia in chronic kidney disease (CKD) has not been well established in Kaveri Delta Region, Tamilnadu, India. Hence, the present study has been undertaken to evaluate the prevalence of iron deficiency anemia in chronic kidney disease patients of Kaveri Delta Region, Tamilnadu, India.

Materials and Methods: The present study enrolled 221 chronic kidney disease patients from a private nephrology outpatient clinic, Tiruchirappalli. All biochemical tests were done including serum ferritin. Patients were categorized into two groups based on ferritin levels. Group 1 (N: 87) considered as case and the group 2 (N: 134) patients considered as control. These two groups were compared each other respective with gender and age groups with all parameters.

Results: Out of these patients, 87 belonged to iron deficiency anemia patients. Group 1 patients (Total Number of Patients: 87 Male: 29 Female: 58) showing significantly lower serum ferritin levels (15.04±12.48) than group 2 patients (88.98±47.39) (P<0.0001). Within group 1, females had lower ferritin levels (12.98±8.84) than males (17.11±10.78) in the age group of 31-40 years (P <0.0001).

Conclusion: The prevalence of iron deficiency anemia among chronic kidney disease in Kaveri Delta Region was found to be 39%.

Keywords :

IDA; CKD; serum ferritin; prevalence.

Full Article - PDF    Page 1-6

DOI : 10.9734/BJMMR/2016/25711

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