Quick Menu

Upcoming Journals

British Journal of Medicine and Medical Research

British Journal of Medicine and Medical Research, ISSN: 2231-0614,Vol.: 15, Issue.: 11

Review Article

Effectiveness of HIV Anti-retroviral Agents on the HIV/AIDS Epidemic


Zaheer Faizi1*, Bushra Rizwan2, Jordan Scott1 and Junaid Ahsan3

1SABA University School of Medicine, Bonaire, The Netherlands.

2Medical University of the Americas, Devens, Massachusetts, USA.

3Services Institute of Medical Sciences (SIMS), Pakistan.


Article Information
(1) Roberto Manfredi, Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy.
(1) Nelida Virginia Gomez, Buenos Aires University, Argentina.
(2) Guadalupe García-Elorriaga, Mexican Social Security Institute, Mexico.
(3) Tinei Shamu, Newlands Clinic, Zimbabwe.
Complete Peer review History:




Aims: The scale up of HAART globally has shifted the mortality time table, decreased viral transmission and improved health related quality of life for patients while emphasizing the importance of adherence to therapy for improved outcomes.

Study Design:  Review Article.

Place and Duration of Study: Department of Medicine SABA University School of Medicine.

Methodology: Using Pubmed and Science Direct, research was executed from January 2015 to March 2015. Articles used were limited to a study completion date of less than five years. The type of studies used were case control, cohort, cross sectional, follow up, and qualitative studies on human subjects. All studies originated within the last 20 years but to keep the issue current and relevant, preference was given to studies published within the last five years.

Results: The scale up of HAART correlated with a decrease in mortality rates and a lengthening of the death time table. Health Related Quality of Life significantly improved with therapy. Both vertical and horizontal transmission rates showed improvements with the increase of available therapy. Stigma is still a limiting factor to adherence, limiting the gains of HAART.

Conclusion: HAART has had an overall positive effect in improving the quality of life of patients suffering from the HIV epidemic while working to combat new infections. Causation can be inferred for some aspects as there is adequate literature while certain topics such as stigma need more research.

Ultramini Abstract: HAART has overall improved quality of life for patients while decreasing the mortality time table. It has shifted the perception of HIV from a death sentence to a treatable and preventable diagnosis. Vertical and horizontal transmission have seen great improvements. However, much work has to be done to combat stigma, increase adherence, and decrease attrition to increase the gains of HAART and its effects on the HIV epidemic.


Keywords :

HIV; AIDS; HAART; health related quality of life; vertical; horizontal; transmission; stigma; adherence; mortality.


Full Article - PDF    Page 1-13    Article Metrics


DOI : 10.9734/BJMMR/2016/24788

Review History    Comments

Search this site

Advanced Search

Announcement & News

Nature (Impact Factor: 41.6) confirmed high standard of SDI journal and its editors

We are happy to inform that Nature (Impact Factor: 41.6) confirmed high standard of SDI journal and ...

ISI Thomson Reuters selected British Journal of Pharmaceutical Research for Emerging Sources Citation Index

We are delighted to inform that ISI Thomson Reuters selected British Journal of Pharmaceutical Resea...

SCOPUS selected Annual Research & Review in Biology (ARRB)

We are delighted to inform that famous indexing organization SCOPUS (from Elsevier) selected  A...

Index Copernicus Evaluation Result Released

We are delighted to inform that Index Copernicus (a leading indexing organization from Pol...

Journal Repository (JR): Permanent Digital Archiving of SDI journals

SDI is happy to announce that all our journals are now permanently archived in Journal Repository (J...

SDI journal got 35th ranking in Publons

We are delighted to announce (as of 04/01/2016) that British Journal of Medicine and Medical Re...

Growth of SDI and world publication market

As of 2014, total 25,064 journals are competing in World market of journal publication. In 2011, tot...

Science (IF: 31) report confirmed the high standard of SDI journal

As per a recent report (Link) of Science journal (present Impact factor 31), one of our journal (Bri...

SDI introduced Post-publication peer review by its comment section

SDI journals encourage Post-publication peer review by its comment section   Policy details a...

SDI promotes transparent Advanced OPEN peer review

We have migrated to transparent and toughest ‘Advanced OPEN peer review’ system (...


  • No Awards listed.

Browser Compatibility : Mozila firefox, Google Crome and IE 7 & above. Creative Commons License Terms & Condition   |   Privacy Policy   |   Join Us   |   Help   |   Contact Us
© Copyright 2010-2018, SCIENCEDOMAIN international. All rights reserved.