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British Journal of Medicine and Medical Research, ISSN: 2231-0614,Vol.: 13, Issue.: 2

Original-research-article

Obesity and Hypertension among Christian Religious Subgroups: Pentecostal vs. Orthodox

 

Nafiu Amidu1*, William K. B. A. Owiredu2, Abdul-Wahid Mohammed3, Peter P. M. Dapare1, Benedict B. Antuamwine1, Vida E. Sitsofe4 and Juliet Adjeiwaa4

1Department of Biomedical Laboratory Science, School of Medicine and Health Sciences, University for Development Studies, Tamale, Ghana.

2Department of Molecular Medicine, School of Medical Sciences, College of Health Sciences, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana.

3Information Systems Unit, Central Administration, University for Development Studies, Tamale, Ghana.

4Department of Community Nutrition, School of Medicine and Health Sciences, University for Development Studies, Tamale, Ghana.

Article Information

Editor(s):

(1) Ricardo Forastiero, Professor of Physiology and Internal Medicine, Haematology, Favaloro University, Argentina.

(2) Francesco Angelico, Professor, Department of Public Health and Infectious Diseases, Sapienza University Medical School, Rome, Italy.

Reviewers:

(1) Jaspinder Kaur, ECHS Command Hospital, India.

(2) Giovanni Tarantino, Federico II University, Italy.

Complete Peer review History: http://sciencedomain.org/review-history/12808

Abstracts

Aims: The aim of this study was to determine the impact of religious practices and diet doctrines on obesity and hypertension among Pentecostal and orthodox Christians in the Tamale metropolis.

Study Design: This study was a cross sectional study.

Place and Duration of Study: This study was conducted between January and June 2014, at the Tamale metropolis, Ghana.

Methodology: Three hundred (300) Ghanaian subjects (50.3% Pentecostal participants from the Perez Chapel International and the Church of Pentecost and 49.7% Orthodox participants from the Presbyterian Church and Bethel Methodist Church), 18-72 years of age were recruited for this study. Anthropometric measurements including height, weight, waist and hip circumference as well as blood pressure were measured for each of the study participants.

Results: The male participants were taller, heavier with higher mean WHR as well as higher mean SBP as compared to the female participants. The females however, had broader hips as compared to the male participants. The males were more likely to fully comply with the religious prescription on fasting (52.6% vs. 40.7%; p = 0.0397) and diet (30.8% vs. 20.4%; p = 0.0375) as compared to the female. The prevalence of obesity among the population in this study ranged from 17% to 28% depending on the criteria used in the weight classification (i.e. BMI, WHR and WC) and the prevalence of hypertension was 15.0% with no significant difference between both genders.

Conclusion: This study highlights the significant increase in the prevalence of obesity and hypertension among both males and female populations, with obesity being more prevalent among females. Compliance to religious doctrines on fasting and or diet does not have an impact on the prevalence of obesity and hypertension from this study.

Keywords :

Obesity; hypertension; pentecostal; orthodox.

Full Article - PDF    Page 1-14

DOI : 10.9734/BJMMR/2016/16724

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