British Journal of Medicine and Medical Research, ISSN: 2231-0614,Vol.: 11, Issue.: 6
Quantitative Behavioral Method for Assessing Pharmacologically-Induced Episodes of Micturition in an Animal Model of Urinary Retention and Detrusor-Sphincter Dyssynergia
Inge Steuer1, Magali Grob1 and Pierre A. Guertin1,2* 1Laval University Medical Center (CHU de Québec – CHUL), 2705 Laurier Boulevard, RC-9800 (Neuroscience), Québec City, QC, G1V 4G2, Canada. 2Department of Psychiatry and Neurosciences, Laval University, Pavillon Vandry, Bureau 4873, Québec (Québec) G1V 0A6, Canada.
Inge Steuer1, Magali Grob1 and Pierre A. Guertin1,2*
1Laval University Medical Center (CHU de Québec – CHUL), 2705 Laurier Boulevard, RC-9800 (Neuroscience), Québec City, QC, G1V 4G2, Canada.
2Department of Psychiatry and Neurosciences, Laval University, Pavillon Vandry, Bureau 4873, Québec (Québec) G1V 0A6, Canada.
(1) Simona Di Francesco, People’s University Nicholas Copernicus Cassino (Rome), Italy.
(2) Costas Fourtounas, Faculty of Medicine, School of Health Sciences, University of Thessaly, Greece.
(1) Anonymous, USA.
(2) Dean Markic, University Hospital Rijeka, Croatia.
(3) João Pedro Amara Peralta Lopes, Institute of Oncology of Coimbra, Portugal.
Complete Peer review History: http://sciencedomain.org/review-history/11661
No cure or acceptable treatment exists against bladder problems and urinary retention in spinal cord-injured (SCI) patients. Although some non-central nervous system (CNS)-acting drugs exist, as symptomatic treatment, most have been associated with significant side effects and deleterious complications. To ease basic research aimed at identifying new drug candidates against bladder control problems, we develop a standardized approach and corresponding assays for assessing quantitatively acute recovery of bladder expression and episodic urination elicited by CNS-acting compounds in paraplegic animals. Following a period of acclimation, a single systemic (s.c.) injection of vehicle (sterile water) was performed in intact animals or in early chronic (7-10 days post-surgery) thoracically (Th9/10)-transected (Tx) mice. Observations were immediately conducted during 30 minutes using a transparent circular Plexiglas arena where timing (post-injection), frequency (number of episodes post-injection), incidences and total volumes (mg) of expulsed urine were assessed. In clear contrast, administration of quipazine, a 5-HT2/3 receptor agonist was shown here to elicit increased urine volume expressed within 30 min post-administration in Tx mice. Using this simple, straightforward and reliable method, it will become possible to conduct large scale drug screening experiments aimed at identifying potent and safe centrally acting-drugs (e.g., upon the Sacral/Spinal Micturition Center) for potent ‘on-demand’ facilitation of urination and voiding in patients with SCI.
Paraplegia; spinal cord injury; transection; voiding; bladder problems; rodents; mice.
Full Article - PDF Page 1-6
DOI : 10.9734/BJMMR/2016/19011Review History Comments