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British Journal of Medicine and Medical Research, ISSN: 2231-0614,Vol.: 9, Issue.: 12

Case Study

Majewski Syndrome, Short Rib Polydactyly Syndrome (SRPS) Type II - A Rare Case Report, with Review of Literature

 

Sainath K. Andola1*, Rajashree J. Ingin1, Dimple Mehrotra1 and Radhamohan Rana2

1Department of Pathology, Mahadevappa Rampure Medical College, Kalaburagi, Karnataka, India.

2Department of Paediatrics, Mahadevappa Rampure Medical College, Kalaburagi, Karnataka, India.

Article Information
Editor(s):
(1) Mohammed Rachidi, Molecular Genetics of Human Diseases, French Polynesia, University Paris 7 Denis Diderot, Paris, France.
Reviewers:
(1) Anonymous, Brazil.
(2) Anonymous, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Nigeria.
(3) Ashutosh Halder, Reproductive Biology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.
Complete Peer review History:http://www.sciencedomain.org/review-history/10302

Abstracts

Short Rib Polydactyly Syndrome (SRPS) type II also known as Majewski syndrome, is the rarest of the four subtypes of SRPS which is a rare inherited skeletal dysplasia. We report a case of Majewski syndrome in a neonate with brief review of literature.

A 24 years old primigravida, with history of second degree consanguineous marriage underwent a Prenatal USG which revealed anhydramnios, bilateral enlarged kidneys, extremely narrow thorax and bilateral short limbs with polydactyly. Based on these findings a probable diagnosis of lethal skeletal dysplasia was made and termination of pregnancy advised. Refusing termination the mother delivered a male foetus at 30 weeks with severe respiratory distress and gross anomalies. The foetus succumbed to respiratory failure inspite of resuscitation. Gross findings were a male foetus with enlarged head, hydropic face, hypertelorism, short nose, depressed nasal bridge, pseudo cleft lip, cleft palate, low set posterior rotated ears, cystic hygroma, micrognathia, short and narrow chest, all the limbs showed mesomelic limb shortening, postaxial polydactyly, syndactyly and brachydactyly. Postnatal X-ray, CT scan and USG confirmed the above mentioned features and additional findings were extremely short horizontal ribs and disproportionately shortened ovoid tibia.

Autopsy revealed a bell shaped thorax, small hypoplastic lungs, bilateral enlarged kidneys, atrial septal defect, hypoplastic epiglottis and larynx and short small intestine. Microscopic findings of pulmonary hypoplasia, renal cystic dysplasia, hepatic fibrosis and markedly retarded endochondral ossification correlate with the clinical, radiological and pathological findings of Short Rib Polydactyly Syndrome Type II -Majewski Syndrome.

Keywords :

Short rib polydactyly syndrome type II; majewski syndrome.

Full Article - PDF    Page 1-8

DOI : 10.9734/BJMMR/2015/18367

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