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British Journal of Medicine and Medical Research, ISSN: 2231-0614,Vol.: 9, Issue.: 10


Effect of Group Cognitive Behavioural Therapy with Compassion Training on Depression: A Study Protocol


Kenichi Asano1*, Haruna Koike1,2, Hiromi Isoda1,3, Toshihiro Inoue4, Kimiko Sato4, Akiko Asanuma4, Michiko Nakazato1, Akiko Nakagawa1, Eiji Shimizu1 and Masaomi Iyo1

1Research Center for Child Mental Development, Chiba University, Chiba, Japan.

2United Graduate School of Child Development, Osaka University, Osaka, Japan.

3University of Tsukuba Hospital, Tsukuba, Japan.

4Mental and Emotional Health Center, Chiba, Japan.

Article Information
(1) Domenico De Berardis, Department of Mental Health, National Health Service, Psychiatric Service of Diagnosis and Treatment, “G. Mazzini” Hospital, Italy.
(1) Elisabeth Meyer, Department of Psychiatry, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.
(2) Kenan Topal, Department of Family Medicine, Pamukkale University, Medical Faculty, Turkey.
Complete Peer review History: http://sciencedomain.org/review-history/10228


Aims: Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is one of the evidence-based treatments for depression. However, some patients high in self-criticism do not respond to CBT. Compassion-focused therapy (CFT) is featured in treating self-criticism and shame, and some trials have reported its effectiveness on depression in individual and group settings. The aim of this study is to adapt an established combined manual of group CBT and CFT, evaluate its efficacy as a pilot study, and discuss the advantages of group CBT (GCBT) program using compassion as a depression therapy in a Japanese community setting.

Design and Methods: In this single group study, participants will receive 10 sessions of GCBT with compassion training that was provided through the CFT. All sessions will last for 1 hour and be provided weekly. The outcome measure is the Beck Depression Inventory II, and the secondary outcome is the Self-Compassion Scale in Japanese. Both outcomes will be measured pre- and post-program. The sample size will be 15 participants due to the limited capacity for intervention within the community.

Discussion: It is expected that the program will show a larger effect size than that of GCBT reported in previous studies on depression and self-compassion. The results will show an effect size that justifies the introduction of a randomized controlled study to improve the program.

Trial Registration: UMIN Clinical Trials Registry 000015007


Conclusion: CFT or compassion training can augment the treatment of major depression using CBT. Despite several limitations, this clinical trial may help estimate the effectiveness of CFT, which will aid in the design of a further controlled study.

Keywords :

Group cognitive behavioural therapy; compassion training; depression; community.

Full Article - PDF    Page 1-5

DOI : 10.9734/BJMMR/2015/19206

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