British Journal of Education, Society & Behavioural Science, ISSN: 2278-0998,Vol.: 10, Issue.: 4
Risk Factors for, and Effects of, Stress, Anxiety, and Depression in Adolescents
Gareth Richards1* and Andrew P. Smith1 1Centre for Occupational & Health Psychology, School of Psychology, Cardiff University, United Kingdom.
Gareth Richards1* and Andrew P. Smith1
1Centre for Occupational & Health Psychology, School of Psychology, Cardiff University, United Kingdom.
(1) Shao-I Chiu, Taipei College of Maritime Technology of Center for General Education, Taiwan.
(1) Anonymous, Universite de Rouen, France.
(2) Anonymous, Vytautas Magnus University, Lithuania.
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Aims: Stress, anxiety, and depression are alarmingly common in the general population, can be extremely debilitating, and are a huge cost to public health services. Understanding risk factors associated with such conditions may therefore be useful in helping devise intervention strategies. Though much research has been conducted in the adult population, relatively few studies have investigated these problems in adolescents from the UK. This is a gap in the literature that the current paper aims to address.
Study Design: The current research utilised a cross-sectional design.
Place and Duration of Study: Data were collected from three secondary schools in Cornwall, UK, in June 2013.
Methodology: Data from the Cornish Academies Project were used to investigate links between demographic and lifestyle variables and single item measures of stress, anxiety, and depression. The sample included 2307 secondary school children aged 11-17 (48.5% male, 51.5% female) from the South West of England.
Results: A number of risk factors were identified, including female gender, low sleep hours, and belonging to a higher school year. In addition to this, the effects of stress anxiety, and depression on school attendance, Key Stage 3/Key Stage 4 English and maths attainment, and the occurrence of behavioural sanctions were investigated. After demographic and lifestyle covariates had been controlled for, high stress was found to predict the occurrence of behavioural sanctions, and high depression was associated with below average English and maths attainment.
Conclusion: Though the findings presented are informative in themselves, the identification of correlates of mental health problems in this demographic group may also be of benefit to future studies that utilise multivariate approaches to data analysis.
Adolescent behavior; anxiety; depression; stress.
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