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British Journal of Medicine and Medical Research, ISSN: 2231-0614,Vol.: 3, Issue.: 3 (July-September)

Original-research-article

Comparative Effect of Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus on Vascular Responses of Rat Thoracic Aorta to Potassium Ion Channel Openers

 

Daniel U. Owu1*, Nelson N. Orie1, Chukwuemeka R. Nwokocha2, Lucie H. Clapp1 and Eme E. Osim3

1BHF Laboratories, Rayne Building, Department of Medicine, University College London, UK.
2Department of Basic Medical Sciences, University of West Indies, Mona Campus, Kingston, Jamaica, West Indies.
3Department of Physiology, College of Medical Sciences, University of Calabar, Calabar, Nigeria.

Article Information

Editor(s):

(1) Anonymous.

(2) Salomone Di Saverio, Emergency Surgery Unit, Department of General and Transplant Surgery, S. Orsola Malpighi University Hospital, Bologna, Italy.

Reviewers:

(1) Chang Liu, College of Life Sciences, Nanjing Normal University, China.

(2) Fabio Fusi, University of Siena, Italy.

(3) Anonymous.

(4) Kamel Gharzouli, University Ferhat Abbas, Algeria.

(5) Anonymous.

(6) Anonymous.

Complete Peer review History: http://www.sciencedomain.org/review-history/1014

Abstracts

Background: Diabetes mellitus is associated with many cardiovascular dysfunction and impairment of potassium channel function.
Aim: We compared the vascular reactivity in aorta from streptozotocin-induced and Goto-Kakizaki (GK) diabetic rats to potassium channel openers.
Methodology: Diabetes mellitus (DM) was induced in Sprague Dawley rats by intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin (STZ) at 65 mg/kg body weight. After four weeks of DM, vascular reactivity of the aortic rings from STZ-induced Sprague Dawley and age-matched GK and control rats to phenylephrine, acetylcholine, levcromakalim and naringenin was studied using standard organ bath procedure.
Results: The phenylephrine-induced contraction was significantly (P<0.05) increased in STZ-diabetic aortic rings [2.03 ±0.07 g] when compared with GK rats [1.47±0.14 g] and STZ-control [1.42±0.21 g]. Maximal relaxation and potency to acetylcholine, levcromakalim and (+/-)-naringenin were significantly (P<0.05) decreased in STZ- diabetic aorta when compared with GK-diabetic and control groups.
Conclusion: The phenylephrine-induced contraction, endothelium-dependent relaxation, KATP - and (+/-)-naringenin-induced vasorelaxation are not altered in the early stages of Type 2 diabetes whereas there is exaggerated contractile response and a relaxant dysfunction involving the endothelium, KATP in Type 1 diabetes mellitus.

Keywords :

Acetylcholine; aorta; Gotto Kakizaki rat; naringenin; potassium channel openers; streptozotocin; vasoconstriction.

Full Article - PDF    Page 748-759 Article Metrics

DOI : 10.9734/BJMMR/2013/2174

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